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Margarita Teresa of Austria
1671 Margarita.jpg
1671 portrait of the Holy Roman press with her daughter Maria Antonia by Benjamin Block.
Holy Roman Empress; German Queen;
Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia;
Archduchess consort of Austria
Tenure 25 Aprile 1666 – 12 March 1673
Born 12 July 1651
Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died 12 March 1673 (aged 21)
Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
Spouse Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue Archduke Ferdinand Wenceslaus
Maria Antonia, Electress o Bavaria
Airchduke John Leopold
Airchduchess Maria Anna Scholastica
Full name
Margarita María Teresa de Austria y Austria
House Habsburgs of Spain (by birth)
Habsburgs of Austria (by marriage
Father Philip IV of Spain
Mother Mariana of Austria
Religion Roman Catholicism

Margarita Teresa of Austria, Infanta of Spain (Margarita María Teresa; born 12 July 1651 – died 12 March 1673) by marriage, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany, Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia.

Biography

She was the daughter of King Felipe IV of Spain and the older full-sister of King Carlos II of Spain, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. She is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez. She was the subject of many of his later paintings.

She was also a half-sister of Maria Theresa of Austria (the wife of Louis XIV of France) In Austria she was known as Margarete Theresia.

She is her father's favourite child. He called her "my joy" . She was an Archduchess of Austria by birth as well as by marriage and an Infanta of Spain. She was Margarita Teresa of Austria, but not "of Spain" due to being a member of the House of Habsburg.

Marriage

She married her uncle, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor an on 5 December 1666, the solemn entry of the Infanta in Vienna took place and the official marriage ceremony was celebrated seven days later, on 12 December. Throughout their marriage Margarita Teresa called her husband uncle.

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