Melrose, South Australia facts for kids
Melrose Township with Mount Remarkable in background
|Population||406 (2011 census)|
|Location||265 km (165 mi) N of Adelaide city centre|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Mount Remarkable|
Melrose is the oldest town in the Flinders Ranges. It is in the shadow of Mount Remarkable, 265 km north of Adelaide, and the town was once named "Mount Remarkable". At the 2011 census, Melrose had a population of 406.
The first European explorer in the area was Edward John Eyre in 1840, closely followed by settlers coming to farm the area. Copper was discovered and mining started in 1846, but it was not economic, and ceased in 1851. The mine was opened again three more times, the latest closure was in 1917.
In 1893 at a time of high unemployment, Wilton Hack founded a communal settlement in the area. At its peak, some 130 settlers were working 1,000 acres of land. By the end of 1895 after a succession of poor seasons around half the settlers had left, and in 1896 the village was closed by the Government.
Today, Melrose is the base for visitors to the Mount Remarkable National Park and centre for the local farmers.
When it was opened in 1848, the police station in Melrose was the base of the largest police district in the world. A constable, two troopers and an Aboriginal tracker were responsible for an area extending to the Timor Sea.
In June, Melrose is home to the Fat Tyre Festival, an off-road bike celebration exploring local bike trails and crowding parades of freak bikes.
Melrose is home to a caravan park held by 100,000 tourists every year.
The Wilmington railway line from Gladstone opened near Melrose in 1915 and closed in 1969. The station was almost two kilometres north of the town. Melrose is also on the Horrocks Highway, formerly known as Main North Road.
Melrose has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 3 Brewery Street: Keating Cottage
- Melrose to Orroroo Road: Mount Remarkable Woolshed
- Melrose to Orroroo Road: Mount Remarkable Station
- Mount Street, Melrose: Jacka's Brewery and Yard Walls
- near Melrose: Rankine's Hut
- Lot 2 Spratt Street: Timber Slab Dwelling
- Stuart Street: Melrose Post Office
- Stuart Street: Melrose Courthouse and Police Station
- Stuart Street: Mount Remarkable Inn
- 30 Stuart Street: Blacksmith Shop and Dwelling
- 13 Whitby Street: Timber Slab Dwelling
Melrose, South Australia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.