Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mikawa Province highlighted
Mikawa Province (三河国 Mikawa no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Aichi Prefecture on the island of Honshū. It was also known as Sanshū (三州 or 参州).
Mikawa had borders with Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.
View of Mikawa Province, woodblock print
In the Edo period, the Tōkaidō road was the main route between the Imperial capital at Kyoto and the main city of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The road passed through Mikawa.
In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Mikawa Province were reformed in the 1870s.
Shrines and Temples
Toga jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Mikawa.
Images for kids
Hiroshige ukiyo-e "Mikawa" in "The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States" (六十余州名所図会), depicting the mountainous scenery around the temple of Hokai-ji, a popular pilgrimage destination in Mikawa