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Millstone, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Millstone
John Van Doren House
John Van Doren House
Map of Millstone in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Millstone in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Millstone, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Millstone, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Somerset
Incorporated May 14, 1894
Area
 • Total 0.760 sq mi (1.969 km2)
 • Land 0.738 sq mi (1.911 km2)
 • Water 0.022 sq mi (0.058 km2)  2.95%
Area rank 525th of 566 in state
19th of 21 in county
Elevation 56 ft (17 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 418
 • Estimate (2015) 419
 • Rank 558th of 566 in state
21st of 21 in county
 • Density 566.5/sq mi (218.7/km2)
 • Density rank 434th of 566 in state
18th of 21 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08844
Area code(s) 732 and 908
FIPS code 3403546590
GNIS feature ID 0885302
Website www.millstoneboro.org

Millstone is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 418, reflecting an increase of 8 (+2.0%) from the 410 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 40 (-8.9%) from the 450 counted in the 1990 Census.

Millstone was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 14, 1894, from portions of Hillsborough Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. The borough was reincorporated on March 12, 1928. The borough was named for the Millstone River, whose name derives from an incident in which a millstone was dropped into it.

Added in 1976, Millstone Borough is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and encompasses 58 buildings. The borough possesses a military significance for 1700–1749, 1750–1799, 1850–1874.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Millstone as its 7th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

History

Millstone, then called Somerset Courthouse, was the county seat of Somerset County from 1738 until the British burned it to the ground in 1779 during the American Revolutionary War. After the victory at Princeton on January 3, 1777, General George Washington headquartered at the Van Doren house, while the army camped nearby that night. The next day, they marched to Pluckemin on the way to their winter encampment at Morristown.

Millstone was briefly connected to the Pennsylvania Railroad when the Mercer and Somerset Railway was extended to the town in the 1870s and connected via a bridge across the Millstone River to the Pennsylvania Railroad's Millstone and New Brunswick Railroad, but that arrangement did not last into the 1880s. Remnants of the railroad bridge can still be seen.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.760 square miles (1.969 km2), including 0.738 square miles (1.911 km2) of land and 0.022 square miles (0.058 km2) of water (2.95%).

The borough borders Franklin Township and Hillsborough Township.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 200
1910 157 −21.5%
1920 178 13.4%
1930 187 5.1%
1940 252 34.8%
1950 289 14.7%
1960 409 41.5%
1970 630 54.0%
1980 530 −15.9%
1990 450 −15.1%
2000 410 −8.9%
2010 418 2.0%
Est. 2015 419 0.2%
Population sources: 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 418 people, 162 households, and 117.9 families residing in the borough. The population density was 566.5 per square mile (218.7/km2). There were 167 housing units at an average density of 226.3 per square mile (87.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 95.69% (400) White, 1.20% (5) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 1.67% (7) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.96% (4) from other races, and 0.48% (2) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% (15) of the population.

There were 162 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.5 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $97,500 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,039) and the median family income was $102,708 (+/- $20,734). Males had a median income of $73,250 (+/- $8,715) versus $50,625 (+/- $15,872) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,678 (+/- $5,017). About 0.0% of families and 0.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 410 people, 169 households, and 126 families residing in the borough. The population density was 547.1 people per square mile (211.1/km2). There were 173 housing units at an average density of 230.9 per square mile (89.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.56% White, 0.98% African American, 0.98% Asian, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.17% of the population.

There were 169 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $76,353, and the median income for a family was $83,118. Males had a median income of $60,156 versus $36,406 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,694. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 4.41 miles (7.10 km) of roadways, of which 4.01 miles (6.45 km) were maintained by the municipality so 0.40 miles (0.64 km) by Somerset County


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