Moscow, East Ayrshire facts for kids
A view near Moscow.
|Moscow shown within East Ayrshire|
|Population||141 (Census 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Moscow is a hamlet in East Ayrshire in Scotland. It is on the A719 road some 4 miles (6 kilometres) east of Kilmarnock. The name is thought to be a corruption of 'Moss-hall' or 'Moss-haw' but its spelling was formalised in 1812 to mark Napoleon's retreat from Moscow. A stream called the Volga Burn flows through the village. Locally the land and forest around Cowans Law to the north-west is referred to as 'Little Russia'. The hamlet also shares the same latitude (55° North) as the Russian city.
In 2006 its population was reported as 118. It is represented in the "Galston West and Hurlford North" ward of East Ayrshire Council.
Walter Emery of the Kilmarnock Glenfield Ramblers had researched the names Moscow, Volga and Ruschaw in 1933. The Ordnance Survey (OS) notified him that the local residents had authorised the name 'Moscow' and that the name appears on Aitken's 1829 map, the valuation role, the Grougar Estate map, and Johnson's 1828 County map. The Ordnance Survey also referred to a local tradition that the name was derived from the burning of Moscow in Russia in 1812, the first house in Moscow in Ayrshire having been built at about that time. Ayr County Council suggested that "during the Crimean war there were various refugees and prisoners located in the neighbourhood, and it was then that Russian names were given to various places."
Shaw records that "a generation ago Russian prisoners of war were located between Galston and Fenwick, at a place called Moscow".
Recently (2008) a personal airstrip was established in a field near the village for light aircraft.
A Geocache is located near the village, just up the road from the Community Woodland.
The village is referenced in the song "Hayfever" by The Trash Can Sinatras on their album "I've Seen Everything": "Moscow's in Ayrshire, what's the problem?"
Moscow, East Ayrshire Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.