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Mount Birdwood
Mount Birdwood from Burstall pass.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 3,097 m (10,161 ft)
Prominence 735 m (2,411 ft)
Listing Mountains of Alberta
Geography
Location Alberta, Canada
Parent range Spray Mountains
Canadian Rockies
Topo map NTS 82J/14
Climbing
First ascent 1922 by C.F. Hogeboom, F.N. Waterman, Rudolph Aemmer.
Mt Birdwood
Mt Birdwood and the Birdwood Lakes, as seen from Smutwood Peak

Mount Birdwood is a 3,097-metre (10,161-foot) summit in the Spray Mountains range of the Canadian Rockies in Alberta, Canada. The mountain is situated on the east boundary of Banff National Park in the upper Spray Lakes River Valley.

History

Named in 1919, Mount Birdwood honors Lieutenant General Sir William R. Birdwood, General Officer commanding (GOC) the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in France. The mountain's name became official in 1928 by the Geographical Names Board of Canada. The first ascent was made in 1922 by C.F. Hogeboom, F.N. Waterman, and Rudolph Aemmer.

Geology

Mount Birdwood is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods. Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger rock during the Laramide orogeny.

Climate

Based on the Köppen climate classification, Mount Birdwood is located in a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers. Temperatures can drop below −20 C with wind chill factors below −30 C. Precipitation runoff from the mountain drains into tributaries of the Spray River which is a tributary of the Bow River.

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