kids encyclopedia robot

Mulgoa, New South Wales facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Mulgoa
SydneyNew South Wales
Mulgoa is located in New South Wales
Mulgoa
Mulgoa
Coordinates Coordinates: 33°50′46″S 150°39′09″E / 33.8461°S 150.6525°E / -33.8461; 150.6525
Population 1,898 (2016 census)
 • Density 34.20/km2 (88.6/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2745
Elevation 75 m (246 ft)
Area 55.5 km2 (21.4 sq mi)
Location
LGA(s) Penrith City Council
State electorate(s) Mulgoa
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around Mulgoa:
Lapstone Regentville Glenmore Park
Blue Mountains National Park Mulgoa Orchard Hills
Warragamba Dam Wallacia Luddenham

Mulgoa is a village, located in the local government area of the City of Penrith, in the region of western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Mulgoa is located approximately 66 kilometres (41 mi) west of the Sydney central business district.

Mulgoa covers an area of 5,530 hectares (13,700 acres), south of the Penrith suburbs of Regentville and Glenmore Park.

History

Aboriginal culture

Mulgoa takes its name from the Mulgoa people who were the indigenous inhabitants of the area and spoke the Dharug language. The name is believed to mean black swan. The Mulgoa weren't the only inhabitants of the area. They shared the Mulgoa Valley with the Gandangara people of the Southern Highlands, whose territory extended up into the Blue Mountains. They lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle governed by traditional laws, which had their origins in the Dreamtime. Their homes were bark huts called 'gunyahs'. They hunted kangaroos and emus for meat, and gathered yams, berries and other native plants.

European settlement

Following the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney, there were a number of bloody battles between the British settlers and the local indigenous people in this area, however, it is believed that the Mulgoa people were generally peaceful and most of the clashes were with the Gandangara. The first government land grants in the area were made in 1810 to Edward Cox, the four-year-old son of Captain William Cox, who constructed a famous road across the Blue Mountains in 1814. William Cox built The Cottage on the land in about 1811. Not far away dwelt Cox's friend Sir John Jamison, who erected the colony's finest mansion, Regentville House, in 1824, on an eminence overlooking the Nepean River. In 1821, three large land grants were made on the Nepean at Mulgoa to the Norton family: James Norton, the founder of Sydney's first law firm and his father and brother, Nathaniel.

Saint Thomas Church Mulgoa SMH Sat 18 July 1914
Saint Thomas Church of England, Mulgoa from the Sydney Morning Herald, 18 July 1914

The centre of Mulgoa's spiritual life in the colonial era was St Thomas' Anglican Church, which dates from 1838. It was the first public building in the Mulgoa Valley and was constructed out of sandstone and cedar on paddocks donated by the Cox family, with Sir John Jamison serving as one of its patrons. The Reverend Thomas Cooper Makinson was St Thomas' inaugural rector. Attached to the church was Mulgoa's first school. It operated until 1871–72, when the Mulgoa Provisional School replaced it.

In 1893, Mulgoa's population was sufficiently large to be granted the status of a municipality. Its area extended beyond the current suburb boundaries. In 1949, however, council rationalisations led to it merging with Penrith, St Marys and Castlereagh into a larger Penrith Municipality. These days, Mulgoa is still primarily a rural area.

Mulgoa Post Office opened on 1 September 1863.

Transport

Mulgoa Road is the main road in the suburb, connecting with Penrith. Westbus, a private company, provides a bus service which runs from Warragamba to Penrith along Mulgoa Road.

Population

Demographics

The recorded population of Mulgoa in the 2006 census was 2217. The majority of residents are Australian born (78%) with small minorities born in England (3.9%) and Malta (2.3%). There are a large number of couples with children (57%) and most houses are owned outright (39%) or being paid off (38%). The number of renters (17%) was substantially less than the national average. The median income ($560 per week) was higher than the national average ($466).

Notable residents

  • Emmanuel Margolin, entrepreneur and former operator of El Caballo Blanco (His Mulgoa property also contained Sydney's largest private zoo);
  • Captain William Cox (1764–1837), Mulgoa pioneer, military officer, landowner and road-builder;
  • Sir John Jamison Kt, MD (1776–1844), landowner, physician and Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales;
  • Robert Dulhunty (1803–1853), landowner, police magistrate, alderman and founder of the Dubbo district in central-western New South Wales; and
  • The Reverend Thomas Cooper Makinson (1809–1893), Mulgoa's first resident Anglican clergyman and schoolmaster, who later converted to Catholicism.
  • David Stove (1927-1994), philosopher.
  • Senator The Honourable Marise Payne

Demographics

The recorded population of Mulgoa in the 2016 census was 1,898. The majority of residents are Australian born (79 per cent) with small minorities born in England (2.8 per cent), Germany (1.6 per cent), and Malta (1.5 per cent). The most common responses for religion were Catholic 36.7%, Anglican 24.7% and No Religion 14.1%. There are a large number of couples with children (52 per cent) and most houses are owned outright (42.6 per cent) or being paid off (41.9 per cent). The number of renters (12.9 per cent) was substantially less than the national average of 30.9 per cent. The median household income ($2,217 per week) was higher than the national average ($1,438).

Education

There is a government-run primary school, Mulgoa Public School, and a privately run school, Nepean Christian School.

Notable residents

  • Edward Cox, a son of William Cox, and politician; and his son, Edward King Cox, also a politician.
  • Captain William Cox (1764–1837), Mulgoa pioneer, military officer, landowner and road-builder.
  • Robert Dulhunty (1803–1853), landowner, police magistrate, alderman and founder of the Dubbo district in central-western New South Wales.
  • Sir John Jamison Kt, MD (1776–1844), landowner, physician and Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales.
  • The Reverend Thomas Cooper Makinson (1809–1893), Mulgoa's first resident Anglican clergyman and schoolmaster, who later converted to Catholicism.
  • Emmanuel Margolin, entrepreneur and former operator of El Caballo Blanco, which contained Sydney's largest private zoo.
  • Senator The Honourable Marise Payne.
  • David Stove (1927-1994), philosopher.
kids search engine
Mulgoa, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.