Niels Henrik Abel facts for kids
Niels Henrik Abel



Niels Henrik Abel


Born  Nedstrand, DenmarkNorway

5 August 1802
Died  6 April 1829 Froland, Norway

(aged 26)
Nationality  Norwegian 
Alma mater  Royal Frederick University (BA, 1822) 
Known for  Abel's binomial theorem Abelian category Abelian variety Abel equation Abel equation of the first kind Abelian extension Abel function Abelian group Abel's identity Abel's inequality Abel's irreducibility theorem Abel–Jacobi map Abel–Plana formula Abel–Ruffini theorem Abelian means Abel's summation formula Abelian and tauberian theorems Abel's test Abel's theorem Abel transform Abel transformation Abelian variety Abelian variety of CMtype Dual abelian variety 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics 
Academic advisors  Bernt Michael Holmboe 
Signature  
Niels Henrik Abel (5 August 1802 – 6 April 1829) was a Norwegian mathematician who made pioneering contributions in a variety of fields. His most famous single result is the first complete proof demonstrating the impossibility of solving the general quintic equation in radicals. This question was one of the outstanding open problems of his day, and had been unresolved for over 350 years. He was also an innovator in the field of elliptic functions, discoverer of Abelian functions. He made his discoveries while living in poverty and died at the age of 26 from tuberculosis.
Most of his work was done in six or seven years of his working life. Regarding Abel, the French mathematician Charles Hermite said: "Abel has left mathematicians enough to keep them busy for five hundred years." Another French mathematician, AdrienMarie Legendre, said: "quelle tête celle du jeune Norvégien!" ("what a head the young Norwegian has!").
The Abel Prize in mathematics, originally proposed in 1899 to complement the Nobel Prizes, is named in his honour.