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Plymouth
Plymouth City Hall
Plymouth City Hall
Flag of Plymouth
Location of Plymouthwithin Hennepin County, Minnesota
Location of Plymouth
within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°00′38″N 93°27′20″W / 45.01056°N 93.45556°W / 45.01056; -93.45556Coordinates: 45°00′38″N 93°27′20″W / 45.01056°N 93.45556°W / 45.01056; -93.45556
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Hennepin
Incorporated as a township 1858
Incorporated as a village 1955
Incorporated as a city 1974
Area
 • City 35.28 sq mi (91.38 km2)
 • Land 32.71 sq mi (84.72 km2)
 • Water 2.57 sq mi (6.66 km2)
Elevation
971 ft (296 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City 70,576
 • Estimate 
(2019)
79,768
 • Rank US: 438th
MN: 7th
 • Density 2,438.57/sq mi (941.53/km2)
 • Metro
3,629,190 (US: 16th)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
55441, 55442, 55446, 55447
Area code(s) 763
FIPS code 27-51730
GNIS feature ID 0649598

Plymouth is a suburban city in the U.S. state of Minnesota 15 miles (24 km) west of downtown Minneapolis in Hennepin County. Located in the far western suburbs, the city is Minnesota's seventh largest city. According to the 2019 Metropolitan Council estimate, Plymouth's population is 79,768. The population was 70,576 at the 2010 Census. Once named for Medicine Lake, the city's name was chosen by Hennepin County Commissioners during the county's inception.

History

Plymouth's history can be traced back to the pre-Columbian period around 1400 to 1500 AD. The original inhabitants were the Dakota. Their encampment was at the north end of Medicine Lake. The name Medicine Lake is derived from the Dakota word Mdewakanton, meaning "Lake of the Spirit." The Dakota named the lake after a warrior overturned his canoe and his body was never recovered.

Antoine LeCounte, a guide and explorer, was the first settler to this area. He arrived in 1848, but did not settle until 1852. He carried mail from the Red River country to points south, trading goods to Native Americans for horses on the way. LeCounte built the first cabin at what is now East Medicine Lake Boulevard at 29th Avenue North.

Plymouth's beginning as a town occurred in 1855 on the northwest shores of what is now known as Parkers Lake. A gristmill and other structures were built in the area. In the spring of 1857, when Parkers Lake flooded, the mill was taken down and moved to Freeport. Freeport is now named Wayzata.

As new settlers arrived in the area, they decided to organize. The Hennepin County Board of Commissioners named the new settlement Plymouth. On April 19, 1858, a group of townspeople met at the home of Francis Day to open elections for town offices. On May 11, 1858, the group voted to change the town's name to Medicine Lake. This was used once at the town meeting, but for reasons, which were not recorded, it was never used again.

During the Dakota War of 1862 between white settlers and the Dakota at Fort Ridgely, near New Ulm, the settlers of Plymouth formed a militia. When the Civil War started, Plymouth paid its volunteers $25 to enlist. At about this time, Plymouth's growth began to take on a new look. Schools and churches were built and a post office was located in Plymouth. By 1863, hotels were being built.

More changes occurred after the Civil War. By 1880, Plymouth boasted a population of 1,074, and reaped $667 in annual taxes. Farming became the trade of most settlers. Roads were built across Plymouth, making access to other towns possible. Medicine Lake had become a major tourist attraction and resorts were built around its shores.

As the character of the community evolved, so did local government. Plymouth incorporated as a village on May 18, 1955. The city adopted the Council–Manager form of government on August 1, 1968. Plymouth became a statutory city on February 7, 1974. It remained a statutory city until voters opted to make it a home rule charter city by adopting a City Charter on November 3, 1992. The City Charter went into effect on January 1, 1993. The Charter continued the Council–Manager form of government, and increased the size of the City Council. Before the adoption of the Charter, the City Council was made up of five members elected at-large. The Charter increased the Council to seven members elected from four wards.

Plymouth was named by Money Magazine the number one city in which to live in the United States in 2008. The magazine gave top honors to Plymouth because of its inclusion of residential areas, industry, parks, schools, and other aspects which make Plymouth a self-contained and essentially autonomous city.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.33 square miles (91.50 km2), of which 32.68 square miles (84.64 km2) is land and 2.65 square miles (6.86 km2) is water.

Interstate 494, U.S. Highway 169, and Minnesota State Highway 55 are three of the main routes in the city. Plymouth has 863 cul-de-sacs and 300 miles of city streets, which are maintained by the city’s public works crews.

Climate

Plymouth has a humid continental climate, typical of the Midwestern United States, with very cold winters, and hot, often humid summers. Summer daytime temperatures average 83 °F (28 °C), with a low of around 60 °F (15 °C), while winter temperatures average only 23 °F (-5 °C) and a low of 3 °F (-16 °C). The highest recorded temperature in Plymouth was 99 °F (37 °C) in 1964, and the lowest was -39 °F (-39.4 °C) in 1977. Rainfall is spread throughout the year, with the most rain being received in the summer months, with June being the wettest, with 120.3 mm of rain.

Climate data for Plymouth, Minnesota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 55
(12.8)
59
(15)
83
(28.3)
92
(33.3)
95
(35)
102
(38.9)
99
(37.2)
96
(35.6)
96
(35.6)
87
(30.6)
73
(22.8)
61
(16.1)
102
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 23
(-5)
29
(-1.7)
41
(5)
57
(13.9)
71
(21.7)
78
(25.6)
83
(28.3)
80
(26.7)
72
(22.2)
59
(15)
41
(5)
27
(-2.8)
55.1
(12.82)
Average low °F (°C) 3
(-16.1)
10
(-12.2)
27
(-2.8)
34
(1.1)
47
(8.3)
56
(13.3)
60
(15.6)
58
(14.4)
49
(9.4)
37
(2.8)
24
(-4.4)
10
(-12.2)
34.6
(1.44)
Record low °F (°C) −39
(-39.4)
−31
(-35)
−27
(-32.8)
−5
(-20.6)
18
(-7.8)
33
(0.6)
42
(5.6)
36
(2.2)
22
(-5.6)
9
(-12.8)
−19
(-28.3)
−33
(-36.1)
-39
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.898
(22.8)
0.657
(16.7)
1.677
(42.6)
2.409
(61.2)
3.539
(89.9)
4.736
(120.3)
4.157
(105.6)
4.02
(102.1)
3.35
(85)
2.5
(63.5)
1.638
(41.6)
0.898
(22.8)
30.476
(774.1)
Source: http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/55447?from=tenDay_bottomnav_undeclared

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 393
1870 872 121.9%
1880 1,072 22.9%
1890 1,053 −1.8%
1900 1,164 10.5%
1910 1,221 4.9%
1920 1,275 4.4%
1930 1,683 32.0%
1940 2,989 77.6%
1950 5,813 94.5%
1960 9,576 64.7%
1970 18,077 88.8%
1980 31,615 74.9%
1990 50,889 61.0%
2000 65,894 29.5%
2010 70,576 7.1%
2020 81,026 14.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $80,949, and the median income for a family was $101,630.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 70,576 people, 28,663 households, and 19,230 families living in the city. The population density was 2,159.6 inhabitants per square mile (833.8/km2). There were 29,982 housing units at an average density of 917.4 per square mile (354.2/km2). The city's racial makeup was 84.2% White, 5.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 6.9% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 28,663 households, of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.1% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

Economy

OneBeacon, Select Comfort, Christopher & Banks and Tonka Water are headquartered in Plymouth.

Principal employers

According to Plymouth's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the principal employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Wayzata Public Schools 1,505
2 Aimia 1,000
3 Select Comfort 900
4 Medtronic 875
5 St. Jude Medical 800
6 Prudential 598
7 City of Plymouth 571
8 Honeywell 525
9 Nilfisk-Advance 500
10 US Foods 500

Education

Public schools

2009-0603-07-Air-WayzataHS
Wayzata High School

Five school districts serve Plymouth, Wayzata Public Schools (ISD 284), Robbinsdale Area Schools (ISD 281), Osseo School District (279), West Metro Education Program (ISD 6069) and Hopkins School District (ISD 270). The majority of the city, particularly the western, northwestern, and southern areas, is served by Wayzata Public Schools. Robbinsdale Area Schools serves the east-central area of Plymouth. The Osseo District includes the northeast area and Hopkins includes the southeast corner of Plymouth. Some students attend public schools in other school districts chosen by their families under Minnesota's open enrollment statute.

  • Birchview Elementary School
  • Fair School Pilgrim Lane
  • Gleason Lake Elementary School
  • Greenwood Elementary School
  • Kimberly Lane Elementary School
  • Meadow Ridge Elementary School
  • North Woods Elementary School
  • Oakwood Elementary School
  • Plymouth Creek Elementary School
  • Plymouth Middle School
  • Robbinsdale Armstrong High School
  • Sunset Hill Elementary School
  • Wayzata East Middle School
  • Wayzata Central Middle School
  • Wayzata West Middle School
  • Wayzata High School
  • Zachary Lane Elementary School

Wayzata High School is operated by the Wayzata School District, has approximately 3500 students in grades 9 to 12 (2011), making it the largest secondary school by enrollment in Minnesota. Projected enrollment for the 2012-2013 School Year is 3617. It is also the largest Minnesota secondary school by structural size, with an interior of 487,000 square feet (45,200 m2). The school is part of the Lake Conference. In 2008, Newsweek ranked the school #940 "List of the 1300 Top High Schools in America."

Robbinsdale School District

  • Robbinsdale Plymouth Middle School
  • Fair School Pilgrim Lake
  • Zachary Lane Elementary School

West Metro Education Program (WMEP) District 6069

  • The InterDistrict Downtown School (IDDS)
  • FAIR (Fine Arts Interdisciplinary Resource) School

Private schools and colleges

  • Association Free Lutheran Bible School and Seminary
  • Fourth Baptist Christian School
  • Central Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Providence Academy
  • West Lutheran High School

Notable people

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