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Polk County, Nebraska facts for kids

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Polk County
County of Polk
Polk County Courthouse in Osceola
Polk County Courthouse in Osceola
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Country  United States
State  Nebraska
Established January 26, 1856
Organized August 6, 1870
Named for James K. Polk
County seat Osceola
Largest city Stromsburg
Area
 • Total 441 sq mi (1,140 km2)
 • Land 438 sq mi (1,130 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)  0.5%
Highest elevation
1,739 ft (530 m)
Lowest elevation
1,089 ft (332 m)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2017)
5,328
 • Density 12.2/sq mi (4.7/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code 402/531
FIPS code 31143
GNIS feature ID 835893
Website www.polkcounty.ne.gov

Polk County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,406. Its county seat is Osceola. The county was formed in 1856, and was organized in 1870. It was named for President James K. Polk.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Polk County is represented by the prefix 41 (it had the 41st-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 441 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 438 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 81.svg U.S. Highway 81
  • N-39.svg Nebraska Highway 39
  • N-66.svg Nebraska Highway 66
  • N-69.svg Nebraska Highway 69
  • N-92.svg Nebraska Highway 92

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 19
1870 136 615.8%
1880 6,846 4,933.8%
1890 10,817 58.0%
1900 10,542 −2.5%
1910 10,521 −0.2%
1920 10,714 1.8%
1930 10,092 −5.8%
1940 8,748 −13.3%
1950 8,044 −8.0%
1960 7,210 −10.4%
1970 6,468 −10.3%
1980 6,320 −2.3%
1990 5,668 −10.3%
2000 5,639 −0.5%
2010 5,406 −4.1%
2017 (est.) 5,328 −1.4%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 5,639 people, 2,259 households, and 1,570 families in the county. The population density was 5/km2 (13/mi2). There were 2,717 housing units at an average density of 2/km2 (6/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.92% White, 0.02% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,259 households, out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.90% were married couples living together, 4.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

The county population contained 25.10% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 21.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,819, and the median income for a family was $45,081. Males had a median income of $30,286 versus $19,595 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,934. About 4.40% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 4.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Townships

  • Canada
  • Clear Creek
  • Hackberry
  • Island
  • Osceola
  • Platte
  • Pleasant Home
  • Stromsburg
  • Valley

Popular culture

Polk County is the locale for the fictional town of Hemingford Home in Stephen King's novel The Stand.

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