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Port Harcourt

  • (Ijaw)Okrika-Ijaw, Ikwerre
Port Harcourt
Port Harcourt
PH-City, P.H, Garden City
Country  Nigeria
State Rivers
LGA(s) Port Harcourt
Founded 1912
Incorporation 1913
Named for Lewis Vernon Harcourt
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Port Harcourt City Council
 • Metropolis 369 km2 (142 sq mi)
 • Land 360 km2 (140 sq mi)
 • Water 9 km2 (3 sq mi)
 • Urban
158 km2 (61 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,900 km2 (700 sq mi)
 (2006 census)
 • Metropolis 1,005,904
 • Density 2,726/km2 (7,060/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density 11,800/km2 (30,570/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density 1,050/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Portians
Time zone UTC+1 (WAT)
Area code(s) 084
Climate Am

Port Harcourt (Igbo: Iguocha; Pidgin: Po-ta-kot) is the capital and largest city of Rivers State, Nigeria. It lies along the Bonny River and is located in the Niger Delta. As of 2016, the Port Harcourt urban area has an estimated population of 1,865,000 inhabitants, up from 1,382,592 as of 2006.

The area that became Port Harcourt in 1912 was before that part of the farmlands of the Diobu village group of the Igbo ethnicity. The colonial administration of Nigeria created the port to export coal from the collieries of Enugu located 145 miles (233 km) north of Port Harcourt, to which it was linked by a railway called the Eastern Line, also built by the British.

In 1956 crude oil was discovered in commercial quantities at Oloibiri,an Ijaw settlement, and Port Harcourt's economy turned to petroleum when the first shipment of Nigerian crude oil was exported through the city in 1958. Through the benefits of the Nigerian petroleum industry, Port Harcourt was further developed, with aspects of modernization such as overpasses, city blocks, taller and more substantial buildings. Oil firms that currently have offices in the city include Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron.

There are a number of institutions of tertiary education in Port Harcourt, mostly government-owned. These institutions include, Rivers State University, University of Port Harcourt, Kenule Besor Wiwa Polytechnic, Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic, Ignatius Ajuru University and Rivers State College of Health Science and Technology. The current mayor is Victor Ihunwo. Port Harcourt's primary airport is Port Harcourt International Airport, located on the outskirts of the city; the NAF base is the location of the only other airport and is used by commercial airlines Aero Contractors and Air Nigeria for domestic flights.

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