President of Ireland facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsPresident of Ireland
Uachtarán na hÉireann
|Style||President (Uachtarán) or
Your Excellency (A Shoilse)
|Residence||Áras an Uachtaráin|
|Term length||Seven years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Douglas Hyde|
|Formation||25 June 1938|
The President of Ireland (Irish: Uachtarán na hÉireann OOk-theerawn na HAY-run) is the head of state of Ireland. It is mostly ceremonial and elections are held every seven years, a person can be elected for up to two terms. The current President of Ireland is Michael D. Higgins.
- Appoints the government: The President formally appoints the Taoiseach (head of government) and other ministers, and accepts their resignations.
- Signs bills into law: The President cannot veto a bill that the Dáil and the Seanad have adopted.
- Power of pardon: The President, on the advice of the Government, has "the right of pardon and the power to commute or remit punishment".
- The President is ex officio President of the Irish Red Cross Society.
- The President appoints, on the advice of the Government, the Senior Professors and chairman of the council of the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies;
List of Presidents of Ireland
The functions of the President were exercised by the Presidential Commission from the coming into force of the Constitution on 29 December 1937 until the election of Douglas Hyde in 1938, and during the vacancies of 1974, 1976, and 1997.
|Portrait||Previous service||Term of office||Nominated by||Election|
|25 June 1938||24 June 1945||All-party nomination||1938|
|2||Séan T. O'Kelly
|25 June 1945||24 June 1959||Fianna Fáil||1945|
|3||Éamon de Valera
(1932–1948, 1951–1954, 1957–1959)
|25 June 1959||24 June 1973||Fianna Fáil||1959|
|4||Erskine H. Childers
|25 June 1973||17 November 1974||Fianna Fáil||1973|
|5||Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
|Chief Justice of Ireland
|19 December 1974||22 October 1976||All-party nomination||1974|
|European Commissioner for Social Affairs
|3 December 1976||2 December 1990||Fianna Fáil||1976|
|3 December 1990||12 September 1997||Labour Party||1990|
|Reid Professor of Criminal law, Criminology and
Penology at Trinity College, Dublin
|11 November 1997||10 November 2011||Fianna Fáil||1997|
|9||Michael D. Higgins
|Minister for Arts, Culture and Gaeltacht
|11 November 2011||Incumbent||Labour Party||2011|
President of Ireland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.