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RNZAF Base Ohakea facts for kids

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RNZAF Base Ohakea
Defensio Per Vires
Defence Through Strength
[[Image:RNZAF Base Ohakea Official Badge July 1979.jpg|250pxpx]]
IATA: OHAICAO: NZOH
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner New Zealand Defence Force
Operator Air Force Ensign of New Zealand.svg Royal New Zealand Air Force
Location Bulls, New Zealand
Occupants
  • No. 3 Squadron RNZAF
  • No. 14 Squadron RNZAF
  • No. 42 Squadron RNZAF
Elevation AMSL 164 ft / 50 m
Coordinates 40°12′22″S 175°23′16″E / 40.20611°S 175.38778°E / -40.20611; 175.38778Coordinates: 40°12′22″S 175°23′16″E / 40.20611°S 175.38778°E / -40.20611; 175.38778
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 8,021 2,445 Asphalt
09L/27R 1,887 575 Grass
15/33 6,998 2,133 Asphalt

RNZAF Base Ohakea is an operational base of the Royal New Zealand Air Force. Opened in 1939, it is located near Bulls, 25 km north-west of Palmerston North in the Manawatu. It is also a diversion landing point for civilian aircraft. The base's motto is Defensio per vires (Latin for defence through strength).

Early days

An air base was originally proposed in the area in 1927, when Ohakea was selected as the most suitable site for a mooring mast for airships of the British Imperial Airship service. It was proposed to build one mast for a demonstration flight, with the potential for expansion to a full airship base with three masts, airship sheds and hydrogen production. However, there was no point in going ahead with the development of the site without a commitment from the Australian Government to build masts to provide bases in that country. When the Australian Government declined to build masts, the New Zealand Government declined likewise.

Military service

During the Second World War, Ohakea was the RNZAF's main training base for operational conversion to fighters, observers/navigators for medium bombers and air gunners. After the war, No. 14 Squadron RNZAF, No. 42 Squadron RNZAF and No. 75 Squadron RNZAF were re-formed at Ohakea, and No.1 Repair Depot relocated from RNZAF Base Te Rapa in Hamilton, New Zealand.

In August 1966 No. 1 Flying Training School RNZAF at Wigram was renamed Pilot Training Squadron (PTS).

A-4Ks ClarkAirBase 1984
RNZAF A-4Ks at Clark Air Base, 1984

After the war, Ohakea was the RNZAF's strike base, with Nos 14 and 75 Squadrons resident. A long-time resident, No 42 Squadron relocated to Whenuapai in 1984 to allow the relocation of 2 Squadron RNZAF to HMAS Albatross, Nowra, Australia in 1991. In 1993, RNZAF flying training previously carried out at Wigram by the Pilot Training Squadron RNZAF and the Central Flying School RNZAF moved to Ohakea. Also in 1993 a new aviation wing of the Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum was opened at Ohakea. 14 Squadron and 75 Squadron disbanded in November 2001, and 42 Squadron relocated back to Ohakea in January 2002. There are currently around 1200 personnel based at Ohakea, which makes it the second largest Air Force base behind RNZAF Base Auckland.

A plan to consolidate all RNZAF operations at Ohakea was abandoned in March 2009 as part of a change of policy on the part of the incoming National Government who chose to retain two operational air bases, Ohakea and Whenuapai, for use by the RNZAF.

In 2012 following the arrival of NH-90 and A-109 helicopters a new multi-purpose hangar was built to accommodate the 3 Squadron helicopter fleet. Another significant infrastructure has included a brand new main gate duty centre which the RNZAF Police and RNZAF Security Forces personnel occupy, an international air movements terminal named after Sir Richard Bolt which was completed in 2014. This allows Ohakea the ability to accommodate international civilian flights if Wellington Airport was closed.

20110428 OH K1001337 0005 - Flickr - NZ Defence Force
An AW109 lifts off from RNZAF Base Ohakea

No. 14 Squadron RNZAF reformed in 2015 to take up the initial pilot training role with the new T-6C Texan II, resulting in disbandment of the Pilot Training Squadron.

In August 2017 the Republic of Singapore Air Force based its F-16D fighters at Ohakea as a feasibility study for establishment there of a training base for its F-15 fighters. The deployment gave the RSAF opportunity to fly in more open airspace and take advantage of the unique New Zealand flying conditions and mountainous terrain not available in Singapore. However the government cancelled the plan due to cost considerations.

In November 2019, construction commenced on the new hangar, taxiways, and aircraft aprons for the P-8 Poseidon aircraft that are due to arrive in 2022. This will see No. 5 Squadron RNZAF consolidate all personal and new aircraft to Ohakea from RNZAF Base Whenuapai by 2021.

14 Squadron RNZAF deHavilland Vampire Ohakea 1980s
14 Squadron Vampire on permanent gate duty at Ohakea.

Personnel Strength: around 1200

Flying Squadrons

Squadron Aircraft Role
No. 3 Squadron NH90, AW109 LUH Search and Rescue, Heavy Lifting, Battlefield support, Rotary Wing training.
No. 14 Squadron Beechcraft T-6 Texan II Basic Pilot Training, Black Falcons Display team
No. 42 Squadron Beechcraft Super King Air Twin Engine Pilot Training, VIP transport.
Central Flying School Beechcraft T-6 Texan II Pilot Instructor Training

Other Units

  • Flying Training Headquarters
  • RNZAF Operations Squadron
  • RNZAF Police
  • RNZAF Security Forces
  • RNZAF Logistics
  • Base Medical Flight
  • RNZAF Refuellers
  • RNZAF Fire Rescue

Demographics

Ohakea is defined by Statistics New Zealand as a rural settlement and covers 6.06 km2 (2.34 sq mi). It is part of the wider Ohakea-Sanson statistical area, which covers 82.74 km2 (31.95 sq mi).

The population of Ohakea was 252 in the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 3 (1.2%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 27 (12.%) since the 2006 census. There were 162 males and 87 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.86 males per female. Ethnicities were 219 people (86.9%) European/Pākehā, 27 (10.7%) Māori, 6 (2.4%) Pacific peoples, 12 (4.8%) Asian and 6 (2.4%) other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities). Of the total population, 39 people (15.5%) were under 15 years old, 138 (54.8%) were 15–29, 69 (27.4%) were 30–64, and 3 (1.2%) were over 65.

Civilian functions

Ohakea is a secondary diversion airport for heavy civilian aircraft such as the Boeing 787 and Boeing 777 if an aircraft’s destination airport is temporarily closed. Ohakea has the facilities to process a significant number of passengers since the completion of a new terminal .

On 29 January 2017, an Emirates Airbus A380 was diverted to RNZAF Base Ohakea due to a Singapore Airlines Airbus A380 blocking the main runway at Auckland International Airport because of a landing gear malfunction. The Emirates A380 was refuelled by RNZAF fuel tankers and departed for Auckland. This was the first time an A380 has landed at Ohakea.

Ohakea has been the subject of a feasibility study into mixed-use military and civilian freight capability, which has included lengthening the main runway to accommodate the Boeing 747.

Motor racing

The Ohakea Airfield was used as a temporary motor racing circuit, predominantly in the 1950s. A 5.6-kilometre track hosted the inaugural New Zealand Grand Prix in 1950, while a shorter 3.5-kilometre circuit hosted the Ohakea Trophy from 1951 to 1956 and further national meetings from 1959 to 1962. The circuit was reopened for historic events in the 1980s.

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