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Rawlinna, Western Australia facts for kids

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Western Australia
Rawlinna (AU), Trans Access Road -- 2019 -- 0577.jpg
Trans Access Road
Rawlinna is located in Western Australia
Location in Western Australia
Population 438
Postcode(s) 6434
Elevation 183 m (600 ft)
  • 910 km (565 mi) east of Perth
  • 350 km (217 mi) west of the Western Australia border
  • 1,190 km (739 mi) west of Port Augusta
LGA(s) City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder
State electorate(s) Eyre
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Rawlinna is an isolated locality on the Trans-Australian Railway in Western Australia, about 900 kilometres (560 miles) east of Perth and 350 kilometres (220 miles) west of the Western Australia / South Australia border. It is on the Nullarbor Plain, about 50 kilometres (30 miles) from its western fringe; the topography is flat and well grassed, with saltbush and bluebush, with small belts of myall and myoporum trees. Annual rainfall is 288 millimetres (11.3 inches). Maximum daytime temperatures are typically 38 °C (100 °F) through summer and 19 °C (66 °F) during winter. In 2016, the population in the area was recorded as 30 people.

Rawlinna is the southernmost end of the Connie Sue Highway, a 4-wheel drive track that extends 650 km (400 mi) north to the Aboriginal community of Warburton.

Australia’s largest operating sheep station, Rawlinna Station, covering an area of 1,011,714 hectares (2,500,000 acres) – about the area of the Sydney conurbation – adjoins the railway line. It runs up to 65,000 Merino sheep in a good season. Mustering and droving is done on motorbikes and in aircraft to locate them, beginning in January for a 10-week shearing program. A muster can take up to 100 kilometres (62 miles) to get the sheep into the shearing shed at Jumbuck's "Depot" outstation.

A small, open-cut limestone mine is 2 km (1.2 mi) north of the settlement, from which lime is extracted for gold production at Kalgoorlie.

Visitors come from far and wide each year to the popular gymkhana known as the "Nullarbor Muster", which benefits a number of charities.

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