Reading, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Reading, Kansas
City
Downtown Reading (2009) (prior to tornado)
Downtown Reading (2009) (prior to tornado)
Location within Lyon County and Kansas
Location within Lyon County and Kansas
KDOT map of Lyon County (legend)
KDOT map of Lyon County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Lyon
Platted 1870
Area
 • Total 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
 • Land 0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,099 ft (335 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 231
 • Estimate (2015) 230
 • Density 1,155/sq mi (444/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66868
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-58600
GNIS feature ID 0479585
Website readingks.com

Reading is a city in Lyon County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 231.

History

Reading Kansas community center and grain elevator
Reading Community Center, Reading Café, Grain Elevator (replaced after tornado); October 2012.

For millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, the United States secured most of modern Kansas as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, Congress organized the Kansas Territory and in 1861, Kansas became the 34th state.

In 1863, by Act of Congress and similarly by an act of the State of Kansas, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway was granted 3,000,000 acres of Kansas land on the condition that it would build a continuous line to the western border of Kansas by March 1, 1873. On Oct. 30, 1868, construction began at Topeka. By Sept. 14, 1870, the first Santa Fe train reached Emporia, fifteen miles past the present site of Reading. James Fagan, agent for the railroad lands, and T. J. Peter and M. S. Sargent, who represented the railroad interest, organized a town company, with James Fagan as president. The land was owned by McMann & Co., of Reading, Pennsylvania. The town was platted on sixty acres of Section 3, Township 18, Range 13, and called it Reading, after Reading, Pennsylvania. In summer 1870, the town site was surveyed.

The first post office in Reading was established in August 1870. Reading was incorporated as a city in September 1890.

May 2011 tornado

May 21, 2011 Reading, Kansas tornado
EF3 tornado that struck Reading in May 2011

On May 21, 2011 around 9:15PM, an EF3 tornado hit Reading. It was three blocks wide and stayed on the ground for about four miles. The tornado destroyed at least 56 of 110 homes and 14 of 21 businesses. The post office and fire station suffered major damage. One person died and two were hospitalized. Early damage estimates topped $2.2 million.

In just over a year, the community rebuilt itself with some help of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The grain elevator destroyed in the tornado has been rebuilt, houses have been repaired, destroyed trees removed, and once again Reading has become a quiet place to live.

Geography

Reading is located at 38°31′09″N 95°57′33″W / 38.519102°N 95.959091°W / 38.519102; -95.959091 (38.519102, -95.959091) at the eastern edge of Lyon County. It is fifteen miles northeast of Emporia and fourteen miles southwest of Osage City along Highway 170. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Reading has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 120
1900 304
1910 289 −4.9%
1920 358 23.9%
1930 341 −4.7%
1940 302 −11.4%
1950 289 −4.3%
1960 249 −13.8%
1970 247 −0.8%
1980 244 −1.2%
1990 264 8.2%
2000 247 −6.4%
2010 231 −6.5%
Est. 2015 230 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
The old jail in Reading Kansas, Oct. 2012
1870s Reading Jailhouse next to Reading Water Tower; October 2012.

Reading is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 231 people, 86 households, and 62 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,155.0 inhabitants per square mile (445.9/km2). There were 103 housing units at an average density of 515.0 per square mile (198.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.

There were 86 households of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

The median age in the city was 32.9 years. 33.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 7.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.7% male and 46.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 247 people, 92 households, and 63 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,185.3 people per square mile (454.1/km2). There were 108 housing units at an average density of 518.3 per square mile (198.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.98% White, 0.40% African American, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.62% of the population.

There were 92 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $29,500. Males had a median income of $18,750 versus $25,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,673. About 15.6% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.


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