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Lyon County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 38°27′N 96°09′W / 38.45°N 96.15°W / 38.45; -96.15

Lyon County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Lyon County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 5, 1862
Seat Emporia
Largest City Emporia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

855 sq mi (2,214 km²)
847 sq mi (2,194 km²)
7.9 sq mi (20 km²), 0.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

33,690
40/sq mi (15/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Nathaniel Lyon

Lyon County (standard abbreviation: LY) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 33,690. The county seat and largest city is Emporia. The county was named for General Nathaniel Lyon, who was killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in the Civil War.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through Lyon County.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1862, Lyon County was established.

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 855 square miles (2,210 km2), of which 847 square miles (2,190 km2) is land and 7.9 square miles (20 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 8,014
1880 17,326 116.2%
1890 23,196 33.9%
1900 25,074 8.1%
1910 24,927 −0.6%
1920 26,154 4.9%
1930 29,240 11.8%
1940 26,424 −9.6%
1950 26,576 0.6%
1960 26,928 1.3%
1970 32,071 19.1%
1980 35,108 9.5%
1990 34,732 −1.1%
2000 35,935 3.5%
2010 33,690 −6.2%
Est. 2015 33,339 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Lyon County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

Lyon County comprises the Emporia, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,935 people, 13,691 households, and 8,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 14,757 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.27% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 2.04% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.79% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 16.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,691 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.90% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 16.20% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,819, and the median income for a family was $43,112. Males had a median income of $28,865 versus $21,338 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,724. About 9.60% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Lyon Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Lyon County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Lyon County is divided into eleven townships. The city of Emporia is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Agnes City 00525 430 2 (4) 279 (108) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°39′54″N 96°13′50″W / 38.665°N 96.23056°W / 38.665; -96.23056
Americus 01700 1,503 7 (17) 225 (87) 1 (0) 0.35% 38°31′12″N 96°16′0″W / 38.52°N 96.266667°W / 38.52; -96.266667
Center 11800 1,198 4 (10) 308 (119) 3 (1) 0.82% 38°14′17″N 96°13′13″W / 38.23806°N 96.22028°W / 38.23806; -96.22028
Elmendaro 20687 788 4 (10) 257 (99) 1 (0) 0.31% 38°15′31″N 96°1′8″W / 38.25861°N 96.01889°W / 38.25861; -96.01889
Emporia 21300 907 8 (21) 143 (55) 2 (1) 1.20% 38°23′7″N 96°10′13″W / 38.38528°N 96.17028°W / 38.38528; -96.17028
Fremont 24750 903 5 (12) 184 (71) 1 (0) 0.33% 38°29′35″N 96°9′17″W / 38.49306°N 96.15472°W / 38.49306; -96.15472
Ivy 34700 269 3 (9) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°38′23″N 96°5′25″W / 38.63972°N 96.09028°W / 38.63972; -96.09028
Jackson 34825 979 4 (11) 227 (88) 1 (1) 0.62% 38°23′39″N 96°0′37″W / 38.39417°N 96.01028°W / 38.39417; -96.01028
Pike 55825 1,034 6 (17) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0.35% 38°24′13″N 96°17′39″W / 38.40361°N 96.29417°W / 38.40361; -96.29417
Reading 58625 487 3 (8) 175 (67) 1 (1) 0.79% 38°31′35″N 95°59′56″W / 38.52639°N 95.99889°W / 38.52639; -95.99889
Waterloo 75925 284 2 (5) 154 (59) 1 (0) 0.40% 38°41′32″N 96°0′26″W / 38.69222°N 96.00722°W / 38.69222; -96.00722

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