Lyon County, Kansas facts for kids
|Lyon County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 5, 1862|
855 sq mi (2,214 km²)
847 sq mi (2,194 km²)
7.9 sq mi (20 km²), 0.9%
40/sq mi (15/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
|Named for: Nathaniel Lyon|
Lyon County (standard abbreviation: LY) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 33,690. The county seat and largest city is Emporia. The county was named for General Nathaniel Lyon, who was killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in the Civil War.
- See also: History of Kansas
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.
In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through Lyon County.
In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 855 square miles (2,210 km2), of which 847 square miles (2,190 km2) is land and 7.9 square miles (20 km2) (0.9%) is water.
- Wabaunsee County (north)
- Osage County (northeast)
- Coffey County (southeast)
- Greenwood County (south)
- Chase County(west)
- Morris County (northwest)
National protected area
- Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
Lyon County comprises the Emporia, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 35,935 people, 13,691 households, and 8,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 14,757 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.27% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 2.04% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.79% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 16.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,691 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.90% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 16.20% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,819, and the median income for a family was $43,112. Males had a median income of $28,865 versus $21,338 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,724. About 9.60% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.
Lyon County is divided into eleven townships. The city of Emporia is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Agnes City||00525||430||2 (4)||279 (108)||0 (0)||0.15%|
|Americus||01700||1,503||7 (17)||225 (87)||1 (0)||0.35%|
|Center||11800||1,198||4 (10)||308 (119)||3 (1)||0.82%|
|Elmendaro||20687||788||4 (10)||257 (99)||1 (0)||0.31%|
|Emporia||21300||907||8 (21)||143 (55)||2 (1)||1.20%|
|Fremont||24750||903||5 (12)||184 (71)||1 (0)||0.33%|
|Ivy||34700||269||3 (9)||88 (34)||0 (0)||0.07%|
|Jackson||34825||979||4 (11)||227 (88)||1 (1)||0.62%|
|Pike||55825||1,034||6 (17)||139 (54)||0 (0)||0.35%|
|Reading||58625||487||3 (8)||175 (67)||1 (1)||0.79%|
|Waterloo||75925||284||2 (5)||154 (59)||1 (0)||0.40%|
Images for kids
Homer Woodson "Bill" Hargiss was an early-adopter of the forward pass in football and is credited with the invention of the huddle.
Lyon County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.