Lyon County, Kansas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Lyon County Courthouse in Emporia (2009)
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 5, 1862|
|Named for||Nathaniel Lyon|
|• Total||855 sq mi (2,210 km2)|
|• Land||847 sq mi (2,190 km2)|
|• Water||7.9 sq mi (20 km2) 0.9%%|
|• Density||38.0/sq mi (14.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Lyon County (standard abbreviation: LY) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 32,179. The county seat and largest city is Emporia. The county was named for General Nathaniel Lyon, who was killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek in the Civil War.
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 855 square miles (2,210 km2), of which 847 square miles (2,190 km2) is land and 7.9 square miles (20 km2) (0.9%) is water.
- Wabaunsee County (north)
- Osage County (northeast)
- Coffey County (southeast)
- Greenwood County (south)
- Chase County(west)
- Morris County (northwest)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census
Lyon County comprises the Emporia, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 35,935 people, 13,691 households, and 8,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 14,757 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.27% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 2.04% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.79% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 16.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,691 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.90% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.70% under the age of 18, 16.20% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,819, and the median income for a family was $43,112. Males had a median income of $28,865 versus $21,338 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,724. About 9.60% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.
Lyon County is divided into eleven townships. The city of Emporia is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Agnes City||00525||430||2 (4)||279 (108)||0 (0)||0.15%|
|Americus||01700||1,503||7 (17)||225 (87)||1 (0)||0.35%|
|Center||11800||1,198||4 (10)||308 (119)||3 (1)||0.82%|
|Elmendaro||20687||788||4 (10)||257 (99)||1 (0)||0.31%|
|Emporia||21300||907||8 (21)||143 (55)||2 (1)||1.20%|
|Fremont||24750||903||5 (12)||184 (71)||1 (0)||0.33%|
|Ivy||34700||269||3 (9)||88 (34)||0 (0)||0.07%|
|Jackson||34825||979||4 (11)||227 (88)||1 (1)||0.62%|
|Pike||55825||1,034||6 (17)||139 (54)||0 (0)||0.35%|
|Reading||58625||487||3 (8)||175 (67)||1 (1)||0.79%|
|Waterloo||75925||284||2 (5)||154 (59)||1 (0)||0.40%|
Colleges and universities
- Emporia State University in Emporia
- Flint Hills Technical College in Emporia
Unified school districts
- North Lyon County USD 251
- Southern Lyon County USD 252
- Emporia USD 253
- School district office in neighboring county
- Chase County USD 284
Homer Woodson Hargiss was an innovative college football coach who regularly used the forward pass and records show that it was used as early as 1910, three years before Knute Rockne began to call the play. He was head coach at both the College of Emporia and Emporia State. He is also credited with inventing the huddle.
Jerry Kill was the head football coach for the Minnesota Golden Gophers. He has over 100 wins in his career as a head coach, having worked as a head coach through several institutions at the college level.
Dean Smith is a retired American head coach of men's college basketball. Originally from Emporia, Kansas, Smith has been called a “coaching legend” by the Basketball Hall of Fame. Smith is best known for his successful 36-year coaching tenure at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Smith coached from 1961 to 1997 and retired as the NCAA Division I men's basketball record-holder for victories (879), a record which was surpassed by Bob Knight in 2007, Mike Krzyzewski in 2011, and Jim Boeheim in 2012. During his tenure as head coach of North Carolina, the team won two national titles and appeared in 11 Final Fours.
William Allen White was a renowned American newspaper editor, politician, author, and leader of the Progressive movement. Between 1896 and his death White became the iconic spokesman for middle America. He won a 1923 Pulitzer Prize for his editorial "To an Anxious Friend," published July 27, 1922, after being arrested in a dispute over free speech following objections to the way the state of Kansas handled the men who participated in the Great Railroad Strike of 1922.
Maud Wagner was the first known female tattoo artist in the United States. She was a circus performer and traveled with her husband as both tattoo artists and as "tattooed attractions."
In Spanish: Condado de Lyon (Kansas) para niños
Lyon County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.