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Red Bank, Tennessee
Red Bank City Hall
Red Bank City Hall
Location of Red Bank in Hamilton County, Tennessee
Location of Red Bank in Hamilton County, Tennessee
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Hamilton
Incorporated 1955
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 6.56 sq mi (16.99 km2)
 • Land 6.56 sq mi (16.99 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
722 ft (220 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 11,651
 • Estimate 
(2019)
11,840
 • Density 1,805.15/sq mi (696.93/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
37415 (with some 37405 and 37434)
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-61960
GNIS feature ID 1299035

Red Bank is a city in Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 11,651 at the 2010 census and an estimated 11,840 in 2019. Red Bank is an enclave, being entirely surrounded by the city limits of Chattanooga. Red Bank is part of the Chattanooga, TN-GA, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

In the mid-1800s, the Red Bank area was known as Pleasant Hill. When the community was given a federal post office in 1881, the community was notified that another name would have to be used, because a Pleasant Hill, Tenn., already existed. The postmaster's wife reportedly looked at the red soil along the bank of Stringer's branch and suggested the name Red Bank.

In 1955, the communities of Red Bank and White Oak incorporated into a town called Red Bank-White Oak. In late 1966, the community voted to call itself Red Bank beginning in 1967 for simplification purposes. Originally, the meetings and city business were conducted in a downstairs room of the Masonic Building off Unaka Street. Later, City Hall was moved to a small wooden structure at 3005 Dayton Blvd. The city hall at 3117 Dayton Blvd. opened in 1971 and was later remodeled and enlarged.

Although no Civil War battles were fought in Red Bank, troops moved through the area on several occasions. In early June 1862, Union Gen. James S. Negley led a force of some 6,000 troops from the west across the Southern portion of Red Bank. From there, they positioned their artillery on Stringer's Ridge and bombarded Chattanooga, damaging churches, homes and businesses.

In late August 1862, Confederate Gen. William Hardee's men crossed the southern end of Red Bank and Mountain Creek while heading across Waldens Ridge and toward Kentucky with Gen. Braxton Bragg's army. On Aug. 21, 1863, Union Capt. Eli Lilly, who in 1876 would start the Eli Lilly pharmaceutical company, marched his Indiana battery down historic Poe Road through the heart of what is now Red Bank toward Stringer's Ridge. There, his men set up gun emplacements and fired rifled cannon shells upon the city of Chattanooga for 19 days.

In the area around the Memorial Drive duck pond, Gen. William T. Sherman and his man hid out in November 1863. The move had resulted after Gen. U.S. Grant took command of the Union forces in the West and ordered his old friend, Gen. Sherman, to move the Army of the Tennessee from Mississippi to Chattanooga quickly.

Department of the Cumberland Chief Engineer William F. Smith, who planned Gen. Sherman's movement, had noticed during a previous reconnaissance that Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate troops would not notice Sherman's troops once they crossed the Tennessee River at Brown's Ferry. As a result, they could move behind the hills on the north side of the river. The Confederates would also not know if the Union troops had gone to Knoxville or were waiting for future operations in Chattanooga. So, from Nov. 20 to 22, 1863, thousands of Sherman's men moved into temporary camps among the hills in the southern Red Bank area. While there, they prepared for battle. When they moved toward Missionary Ridge for the attack beginning on Nov. 23, they left the concealed camps and some of their supplies behind.

Geography

Red Bank is located at 35°6′37″N 85°17′49″W / 35.11028°N 85.29694°W / 35.11028; -85.29694 (35.110372, -85.297048).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (17 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 10,777
1970 12,715 18.0%
1980 13,129 3.3%
1990 12,322 −6.1%
2000 12,418 0.8%
2010 11,651 −6.2%
2019 (est.) 11,840 1.6%
Sources:

2020 census

Red Bank racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 9,442 79.35%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 789 6.63%
Native American 18 0.15%
Asian 138 1.16%
Pacific Islander 2 0.02%
Other/Mixed 589 4.95%
Hispanic or Latino 921 7.74%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 11,899 people, 5,683 households, and 2,667 families residing in the city.

Education

Within the Red Bank city limits are Red Bank High School, Red Bank Junior High, Alpine Crest Elementary, and the Dawn School. Red Bank Elementary, while one of Red Bank's zoned schools, is outside of the city limits in Chattanooga.

Notable people

  • Bill Dedman, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author, raised in Red Bank
  • Wendell Rawls, Jr., Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author, raised in Red Bank
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