Reformed churches facts for kids
The Reformed churches are a group of Christian Protestant denominations that are historically related by a doctrine that is identical or similar to Calvinism. It developed in the Swiss Reformation led by Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin, but soon afterwards appeared in nations throughout Western Europe. Each nation in which the Reformed movement was originally established had its own church government. Several of these local churches have expanded to worldwide denominations and most have experienced schisms into multiple denominations.
The first Reformed Churches were established in Europe in the 1500s, in the wake of the Protestant Reformation.
Form of doctrine
Reformed doctrine is expressed in various texts]. Some of them are used by many denominations. Different denominations use different confessions, usually based on historical reasons. Some of the confessions still commonly in use are (with year of writing):
- French Confession (1559),
- Scots Confession (1560),
- Three Forms of Unity
- Second Helvetic Confession (1566)
- Westminster Standards
- Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)
- Westminster Shorter Catechism (1649)
- Westminster Larger Catechism (1649)
- London Baptist Confession of Faith (1689)
Form of governance
Reformed churches have two main forms of ecclesiastical polity:
- Presbyterian polity or Synodal government - rule by assemblies of ordained officers.
- Congregationalist polity, e.g. Congregationalist churches
Images for kids
John Calvin, Theologian and Protestant Reformer. Depicts him holding the Scriptures (Geneva Bible) which he declared as necessary for human understanding of God's revelation. Calvin's general, explicit exposition of his view of Scripture is found mainly in his Institutes of the Christian Religion.
Calvinism has been known at times for its simple, unadorned churches and lifestyles, as depicted in this painting of the interior of the Oude kerk in Amsterdam by Emanuel de Witte c. 1661.
Moïse Amyraut formulated Amyraldism, a modified Calvinist theology regarding the nature of Christ's atonement.
The Grote Kerk in Haarlem, Dutch Republic, c. 1665
Reformed churches Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.