Richmond County, Georgia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Richmond County, Georgia
Map

Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 5, 1777
Seat Augusta
Largest City Augusta
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

329 sq mi (852 km²)
324 sq mi (839 km²)
4.3 sq mi (11 km²), 1.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

201,793
618/sq mi (239/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.augustaga.gov
Named for: Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond

Richmond County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,549. It is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777.

Following an election in 1995, the city of Augusta (the county seat) consolidated governments with Richmond County. The consolidated entity is known as Augusta-Richmond County, or simply Augusta. The cities of Hephzibah and Blythe in southern Richmond County voted to remain separate and not consolidate.

Richmond County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county is named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, a British politician and office-holder sympathetic to the cause of the American colonies. Richmond was also a first cousin to King George III.

Richmond County was established in 1777 by the first Constitution of the (newly independent) State of Georgia. As such, it is one of the original counties of the state. It was formed out of a portion of the colonial Parish of St. Paul, after the Revolution disestablished the Church of England in the (former) Royal Province of Georgia.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 329 square miles (850 km2), of which 324 square miles (840 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (1.3%) is water.

The vast majority of Richmond County is located in the Middle Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with just the southwestern corner of the county, from a line running north from Blythe through the middle of Fort Gordon, located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.

Major highways

  • I-20 (GA).svg Interstate 20
  • I-520 (GA).svg Interstate 520
  • US 1.svg U.S. Route 1
  • US 25.svg U.S. Route 25
  • Business plate.svg
    US 25.svg U.S. Route 25 Business
  • US 78.svg U.S. Route 78
  • US 278.svg U.S. Route 278
  • Georgia 4.svg State Route 4
  • Georgia 10.svg State Route 10
  • Georgia 28.svg State Route 28
  • Georgia 56.svg State Route 56
  • Georgia 56 Spur.svg State Route 56 Spur
  • Georgia 88.svg State Route 88
  • Georgia 88 Connector.svg State Route 88 Connector
  • Georgia 104.svg State Route 104
  • Georgia 104 Connector.svg State Route 104 Connector
  • Georgia 121.svg State Route 121
  • Georgia 223.svg State Route 223
  • Georgia 232.svg State Route 232
  • Georgia 383.svg State Route 383
  • Georgia 402.svg State Route 402 (unsigned designation for I-20)
  • Georgia 415.svg State Route 415 (unsigned designation for I-520)
  • Georgia 540.svg State Route 540 (Fall Line Freeway)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 11,317
1800 5,475 −51.6%
1810 6,189 13.0%
1820 8,608 39.1%
1830 11,644 35.3%
1840 11,932 2.5%
1850 16,246 36.2%
1860 21,284 31.0%
1870 25,724 20.9%
1880 34,665 34.8%
1890 45,194 30.4%
1900 53,735 18.9%
1910 58,886 9.6%
1920 63,692 8.2%
1930 72,990 14.6%
1940 81,863 12.2%
1950 108,876 33.0%
1960 135,601 24.5%
1970 162,437 19.8%
1980 181,629 11.8%
1990 189,719 4.5%
2000 199,775 5.3%
2010 200,549 0.4%
Est. 2015 201,793 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 200,549 people, 76,924 households, and 48,641 families residing in the county. The population density was 618.4 inhabitants per square mile (238.8/km2). There were 86,331 housing units at an average density of 266.2 per square mile (102.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 54.2% black or African American, 39.7% white, 1.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.0% were American, 7.0% were Irish, 6.7% were German, and 5.3% were English.

Of the 76,924 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families, and 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 33.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,882 and the median income for a family was $45,220. Males had a median income of $37,368 versus $29,313 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,604. About 19.4% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


Richmond County, Georgia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.