Augusta, Georgia facts for kids

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Augusta, Georgia
Consolidated city-county
Augusta–Richmond County
Downtown Augusta on Broad Street
Augusta National Golf Club Riverwalk Augusta on the Savannah River
The University Hall at Augusta University Sacred Heart Cultural Center
The Augusta Canal with the Enterprise Mill in the background Old Government House
Clockwise from top: Downtown Augusta on Broad Street, Riverwalk Augusta on the Savannah River, Sacred Heart Cultural Center, Old Government House, Augusta Canal with the Enterprise Mill in the background, Augusta University, Augusta National Golf Club
Official logo of Augusta, Georgia
City seal and logo
Nickname(s): The Garden City
Motto: We Feel Good
Location of consolidated Augusta–Richmond County (red) within Richmond County, and location of Richmond County within the U.S. state of Georgia
Location of consolidated Augusta–Richmond County (red) within Richmond County, and location of Richmond County within the U.S. state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
County Richmond County
Established 1736
City-county consolidation 1996
Area
 • Consolidated city-county 306.5 sq mi (793 km2)
 • Land 302.1 sq mi (782 km2)
 • Water 4.3 sq mi (11.3 km2)
 • Urban 259.52 sq mi (672.2 km2)
Elevation 136 ft (45 m)
Population (2010)
 • Consolidated city-county 195,844
 • Estimate (2014) 196,741
 • Rank US: 121st
 • Density 654.2/sq mi (252.6/km2)
 • Urban 386,787 (US: 98th)
 • Urban density 1,490.4/sq mi (575.4/km2)
 • Metro 583,632 (US: 92nd)
 • CSRA 709,433
 • Change 2011-2014 Increase3.32%
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 30901, 30904, 30906, 30907, 30909, 30912, 30815
Area code(s) 706, 762
Website AugustaGA.gov

Augusta–Richmond County US /ə.ˈɡʌs.tə/ is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U.S. state of Georgia, and located at the fall line of the Savannah River, at the head of its navigable portion. It is in the piedmont section of the state.

The city was named after Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719–1772).

According to 2012 US Census estimates, the Augusta–Richmond County population was 197,872, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibah and Blythe.

Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta–Richmond County Metropolitan Statistical Area, which as of 2012 had an estimated population of 580,270, making it the third-largest city and the second-largest metro area in the state after Atlanta. It is the 116th-largest city in the United States. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring.

History

The area along the river was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who relied on the river for fish, water and transportation. The site of Augusta was used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of its location on the fall line.

In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops to explore the upper Savannah River. He gave them an order to build at the head of the navigable part of the river. The expedition was led by Noble Jones, who created the settlement to provide a first line of defense for coastal areas against potential Spanish or French invasion from the interior. Oglethorpe named the town Augusta, in honor of Princess Augusta, wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales (she was the mother of King George III of the United Kingdom). Oglethorpe visited Augusta once, in September 1739. He did so while returning to Savannah from a perilous visit to Coweta Town, where he had met with a convention of 7,000 Native American warriors and concluded peaceful relations with several Native American groups in what is today the northern and western part of Georgia. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795 (alternating for a period with Savannah, the first).

Augusta developed rapidly as a market town as the Black Belt in the Piedmont was developed for cotton cultivation. Invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, and this type of cotton was well-suited to the upland areas. Cotton plantations were worked by slave labor, with hundreds of thousands of slaves shipped from the Upper South to the Deep South in the domestic slave trade. Many of the slaves were brought from the Lowcountry, where their Gullah culture had developed on the large Sea Island cotton and rice plantations

As a major city in the area, Augusta was a center of activities during Reconstruction and after. In the mid-20th century, it was a site of civil rights demonstrations. In 1970 Charles Oatman, a mentally disabled teenager, was killed by his cellmates in an Augusta jail. A protest against his death broke out in a riot involving 500 people, after six black men were killed by police, each found to have been shot in the back. The noted singer and entertainer James Brown was called in to help quell lingering tensions, which he succeeded in doing.

Geography

Augsky2
The Augusta skyline, as seen from North Augusta, South Carolina

Augusta is located on the Georgia/South Carolina border, about 150 miles (240 km) east of Atlanta and 70 miles (110 km) west of Columbia. The city is located at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (33.470, −81.975).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta–Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles (793.8 km2), of which 302.1 square miles (782.4 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11.1 km2) (1.42%) is water.

Savannah River Augusta Canal Riverwatch Pkwy 2
Savannah River and the Augusta Canal, with River Watch Parkway and residential areas in foreground

Augusta is located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, which creates a number of small falls on the river. The city marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river and the entry to the Georgia Piedmont area.

The Clarks Hill Dam is built on the fall line near Augusta, forming Clarks Hill Lake. Farther downstream, near the border of Columbia County, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power. Even farther downstream is the Augusta Diversion Dam, which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal.

Climate

As with the rest of the state, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild winters, very hot, humid summers, and a wide diurnal temperature variation throughout much of the year. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 45.4 °F (7.4 °C) in January to 81.6 °F (27.6 °C) in July; there are 53 nights with the low reaching the freezing mark, 82 days reaching or exceeding 90 °F (32 °C), and 5.5 days reaching 100 °F (38 °C) annually. Extreme temperatures range from −1 °F (−18 °C) on January 21, 1985 up to 108 °F (42 °C) on August 10, 2007 and August 21, 1983. Snowfall is not nearly as common as in Atlanta, due largely to Augusta's elevation, with downtown Augusta being about 900 ft (270 m) lower than downtown Atlanta. Freezing rain is also a threat in wintertime.

Climate data for Augusta Regional Airport, Georgia (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1871–present )
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(28.9)
86
(30)
93
(33.9)
96
(35.6)
100
(37.8)
106
(41.1)
107
(41.7)
108
(42.2)
106
(41.1)
97
(36.1)
90
(32.2)
83
(28.3)
108
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 57.9
(14.39)
62.3
(16.83)
69.9
(21.06)
77.3
(25.17)
85.0
(29.44)
91.0
(32.78)
93.4
(34.11)
91.8
(33.22)
86.7
(30.39)
77.7
(25.39)
69.1
(20.61)
60.0
(15.56)
76.9
(24.94)
Average low °F (°C) 32.8
(0.44)
35.9
(2.17)
42.0
(5.56)
48.1
(8.94)
57.3
(14.06)
66.2
(19)
69.8
(21)
69.3
(20.72)
62.6
(17)
51.0
(10.56)
41.4
(5.22)
34.5
(1.39)
51.0
(10.56)
Record low °F (°C) −1
(-18.3)
3
(-16.1)
12
(-11.1)
26
(-3.3)
35
(1.7)
46
(7.8)
54
(12.2)
52
(11.1)
36
(2.2)
22
(-5.6)
11
(-11.7)
5
(-15)
-1
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.91
(99.3)
3.92
(99.6)
4.18
(106.2)
2.84
(72.1)
2.65
(67.3)
4.72
(119.9)
4.33
(110)
4.32
(109.7)
3.22
(81.8)
3.27
(83.1)
2.82
(71.6)
3.39
(86.1)
43.57
(1,106.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 0.4
(1)
0.4
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.9
(2.3)
Humidity 69.8 65.8 65.0 64.5 69.6 71.3 73.9 76.5 76.2 73.3 71.9 71.6 70.8
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.8 8.8 8.6 7.5 8.1 11.0 11.0 10.3 7.1 6.5 6.9 9.2 104.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.4
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961−1990)

Historic districts

Sacred Heart Cultural Center
Sacred Heart Cultural Center

Augusta Downtown Historic District is a historic district that encompasses most of downtown Augusta and its pre-Civil War area. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.

Augusta also includes the:

  • Summerville Historic District
  • Greene Street Historic District
  • Broad Street Historic District
  • Sands Hill Historic District
  • Pinched Gut Historic District
  • Laney-Walker North Historic District
  • Bethlehem Historic District
  • Harrisburg-West End Historic District

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,215
1810 2,476 11.8%
1830 6,710
1840 6,403 −4.6%
1850 9,448 47.6%
1860 12,493 32.2%
1870 15,389 23.2%
1880 21,891 42.3%
1890 33,300 52.1%
1900 39,441 18.4%
1910 41,040 4.1%
1920 52,548 28.0%
1930 60,342 14.8%
1940 65,919 9.2%
1950 71,508 8.5%
1960 70,626 −1.2%
1970 59,864 −15.2%
1980 47,532 −20.6%
1990 44,639 −6.1%
2000 195,182 337.2%
2010 195,844 0.3%
Est. 2015 197,182 0.7%
Population 1800–2010.

According to 2013 US Census estimates, the Augusta–Richmond County population was 197,350 not counting the unconsolidated cities of Hephzibah and Blythe. In the 2010 census, Augusta–Richmond County had 195,844 residents. The population density was 647.5 people per square mile (250/km²). There were 84,427 housing units at an average density of 279.5 per square mile (782/km²). The racial makeup of the city-county area was 54.7% Black or African American, 39.1% White, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.3% some other race, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 75,208 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were headed by married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city-county consolidated area the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.0 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city-county area was $37,231, and the median income for a family was $45,372. Males had a median income of $32,008 versus $23,988 for females. The per capita income for the balance was $19,558. About 13.2% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

The most-attended church is the Southern Baptist Convention with 221 congregations with 114,351 members. The Catholic Church has 13 congregations and 31,687 members, while the United Methodist Church has 83 churches and 30,722 members. The National Baptist Convention had 26,671 members. The Presbyterian Church (USA) has 14 congregations and 4,500 members, the Presbyterian Church in America has 4,396 members in 14 churches.

The Jewish community in Augusta dates back to the early 19th century. Today, there are two congregations, Congregation Children of Israel (Reform) and Adas Yeshurun (Conservative). There is also a Chabad-Lubavitch house. Around 1,300 Jews currently live in Augusta, who collectively support a Jewish Community Center.

Parks and recreation

  • Riverwalk Augusta - riverfront park along and on top of the city's levee
  • Augusta Common - green space linking Broad Street to Reynolds Street, with statue of James Oglethorpe
  • Augusta Canal - historic canal with bike/pedestrian path
  • Phinizy Swamp Nature Park - wetlands park with pedestrian/bike paths and boardwalks
  • Diamond Lakes Regional Park - in south Richmond County
  • Brookfield Park - public park featuring a playground, putting green, pedestrian/bike path, and a fountain in which children can play
  • Pendleton King - public park featuring a disc golf course, dog park, amphitheater, bike and running paths, and gardens
  • Patriots Park - public park in Columbia County, featuring a disc golf course, football, soccer, baseball, softball, tennis court, and playground

Sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United States

Augusta is twinned with:

Images for kids


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