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Jefferson County, Georgia facts for kids

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Jefferson County
County courthouse in Louisville
County courthouse in Louisville
Map of Georgia highlighting Jefferson County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded February 20, 1796; 226 years ago (1796-02-20)
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Louisville
Largest city Louisville
Area
 • Total 530 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Land 526 sq mi (1,360 km2)
 • Water 3.2 sq mi (8 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
15,430
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 10th
Website Jefferson County, Georgia

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,930. The county seat is Louisville. The county was created on February 20, 1796, and named for Thomas Jefferson, the main author of the Declaration of Independence who became the third president of the United States.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 530 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 526 square miles (1,360 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.6%) is water.

The small northern portion of Jefferson County, defined by a line running from Stapleton southeast and just south of State Route 80, is located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. The entire rest of the county is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin.

Major highways

  • US 1.svg U.S. Route 1
  • Business plate.svg
    US 1.svg U.S. Route 1 Business (Louisville)
  • Business plate.svg
    US 1.svg U.S. Route 1 Business (Wadley)
  • US 221.svg U.S. Route 221
  • US 319.svg U.S. Route 319
  • Georgia 4.svg State Route 4
  • Georgia 4 Business.svg State Route 4 Business (Louisville)
  • Georgia 4 Business.svg State Route 4 Business (Wadley)
  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 24.svg State Route 24
  • Georgia 47.svg State Route 47
  • Georgia 78.svg State Route 78
  • Georgia 80.svg State Route 80
  • Georgia 88.svg State Route 88
  • Georgia 102.svg State Route 102
  • Georgia 171.svg State Route 171
  • Georgia 242.svg State Route 242
  • Georgia 296.svg State Route 296
  • Georgia 540.svg State Route 540 (Fall Line Freeway) (future)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 5,684
1810 6,111 7.5%
1820 7,056 15.5%
1830 7,309 3.6%
1840 7,254 −0.8%
1850 9,131 25.9%
1860 10,219 11.9%
1870 12,190 19.3%
1880 15,671 28.6%
1890 17,213 9.8%
1900 18,212 5.8%
1910 21,379 17.4%
1920 22,602 5.7%
1930 20,727 −8.3%
1940 20,040 −3.3%
1950 18,855 −5.9%
1960 17,468 −7.4%
1970 17,174 −1.7%
1980 18,403 7.2%
1990 17,408 −5.4%
2000 17,266 −0.8%
2010 16,930 −1.9%
2018 (est.) 15,430 −8.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2020 census

Jefferson County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 6,834 43.5%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 7,970 50.74%
Native American 21 0.13%
Asian 70 0.45%
Other/Mixed 352 2.24%
Hispanic or Latino 462 2.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 15,709 people, 5,664 households, and 3,598 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,930 people, 6,241 households, and 4,407 families residing in the county. The population density was 32.2 inhabitants per square mile (12.4/km2). There were 7,298 housing units at an average density of 13.9 per square mile (5.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 54.4% black or African American, 42.6% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, and 26.7% were American.

Of the 6,241 households, 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 23.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 38.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,268 and the median income for a family was $36,980. Males had a median income of $36,284 versus $27,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,165. About 19.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.7% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated place

Education

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