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River Nore
Kilkenny river.JPG
River Nore in the City of Kilkenny.
Nore River Map.jpg
Map of the Nore's course
Native name An Fheoir
State Republic of Ireland
Region Leinster
Counties County Tipperary, County Laois, County Kilkenny, County Waterford
Physical characteristics
Main source Devil's Bit Mountain
County Tipperary
River mouth River Barrow
New Ross, County Wexford
Length 140 km (87 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    42.9 m3/s (1,510 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River system Three Sisters
Basin size 2,595 km2 (1,002 sq mi)
Tributaries

The River Nore (Irish: An Fheoir) is one of the principal rivers (along with the River Suir and River Barrow) in the South-East Region of Ireland. The 140-kilometre-long (87 mi) river drains approximately 2,530 square kilometres (977 sq mi) of Leinster and Munster, that encompasses parts of three counties (Tipperary, Laois, Kilkenny). Along with the River Suir and River Barrow, it is one of the constituent rivers of the group known as the Three Sisters.

Starting in the Devil's Bit Mountain, County Tipperary, the river flows generally southeast, and then south, before its confluence with the River Barrow at Ringwood, and the Barrow railway bridge at Drumdowney, County Kilkenny, which empties into the Celtic Sea at Waterford Harbour, Waterford.

The long term average flow rate of the River Nore is 42.9 cubic metres per second (m3/s) The river is home to the only known extant population of the critically endangered Nore freshwater pearl mussel, and much of its length is listed as a Special Area of Conservation.

Name

The river is known in Irish as An Fheoir. The River Nore was mentioned in the Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee (Félire Óengusso Céli Dé), published before 824. He spoke, in Old Irish, of re taeb Eoire uarglaine or "the cold-pure Nore." A Middle Irish reference, from before 1420, refers to "The fair wide plain of the Feoir" (Fiond-chlár fairsing na Feoire).

The name is believed to derive from Irish feora "green bank, edge or shore of sea, lake or river"; the Old Irish feórann means "green bank or shoreland."

Course

Bridge on the Nore. Kilkenny
Bridge over the Nore in Kilkenny

The Nore rises on the eastern slopes of the Devil's Bit Mountain in the townland of Borrisnoe, County Tipperary. It then flows south-eastwards to County Laois and County Kilkenny before joining the River Barrow just north of New Ross near the Barrow Bridge. The river passes near Durrow, County Laois then through Ballyragget, the city of Kilkenny and then the villages of Bennettsbridge and Thomastown. Further south, it forms a picturesque V-shaped river valley, particularly notable near the village of Inistioge, the tidal limit. Major tributaries of the Nore include the Dinan, the Breagagh at Kilkenny City, the King's River, the Little Arrigle and the Black Water.

List of places along the river.

List of tributaries

  • River Erkina
  • River Dinan (Dinin, Deen)
  • White Horse (Mountrath River)
  • Breagagh
  • King's River
  • Little Arrigle
  • Black Water

Geology and morphology

The Nore rises on a sandstone base but the catchment soon turns to limestone and remains so to the sea. The countryside is one of mixed farming, with some tillage, quite a bit of pasture and dairying and some bloodstock. The river has a fairly steep gradient but the flow is checked by innumerable weirs and it is probably true to say that shallow glides are the pre-dominant feature.

History

Thomastown64
River Nore at Thomastown in County Kilkenny

In pre-Famine years, there were many water-powered industries in the Nore valley, particularly in the ten-mile (16 km) stretch between Kilkenny City and Thomastown, including breweries, woolen mills, sawmills, marble works, distillaries and grain mills. Flax and linen were produced just north of Kilkenny City.

Recreation

Kilkenny fishing club has extensive fishing rights on the River Nore and its tributary, the River Dinan. Popular with anglers, it holds brown trout and salmon.

Some of these weirs along the river have good playboating qualities. The river is long and mostly flat and dotted with weirs at most of the villages it passes through.

Salmon runs on the river Nore were interrupted in 2005 and 2006 by a flood relief scheme in Kilkenny city carried out by the Office of Public Works. Initially budgeted at €13.1 million, the scheme was delivered at a cost in excess of €48 million and did not contain suitable fish passes. This oversight has since been rectified at additional expense and salmon can now ascend the river upstream of Kilkenny city.

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