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Robert Burns
The best-known portrait of Burns,  by Alexander Nasmyth, 1787 (detail)
The best-known portrait of Burns,
by Alexander Nasmyth, 1787 (detail)
Born (1759-01-25)25 January 1759
Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland
Died 21 July 1796(1796-07-21) (aged 37)
Dumfries, Scotland
  • Poet
  • lyricist
  • farmer
  • exciseman
Nationality Scottish
Citizenship British
Literary movement Romanticism
Notable works
  • "Auld Lang Syne"
  • "To a Mouse"
  • "A Man's a Man for A' That"
  • "Ae Fond Kiss"
  • "Scots Wha Hae"
  • "Tam O'Shanter"
  • "Halloween"
  • "The Battle of Sherramuir"


Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 1796) was a famous poet born in Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland. Some of his most famous poems include To A Mouse, Auld Lang Syne, and Tam o Shanter. Burns is seen as the national poet of Scotland. Much of his work is written in broad Scots, a version of English. His poem and song A Man's A Man For A' That was sung at the opening of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. "To A Louse, On Seeing One on a Lady's Bonnet at Church" is a 1786 Scots poem by Robert Burns.

Burns died at 37, and is buried in the graveyard of St Michael's Church, Dumfries, Scotland.

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource
  • Dietrich Hohmann: Ich, Robert Burns, Biographical Novel, Neues Leben, Berlin 1990 (in German)

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