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Roberts County, Texas facts for kids

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Roberts County
Roberts County courthouse in Miami
Roberts County courthouse in Miami
Map of Texas highlighting Roberts County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1889
Named for Oran Milo Roberts
Seat Miami
Largest city Miami
 • Total 924 sq mi (2,390 km2)
 • Land 924 sq mi (2,390 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.01%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Roberts County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 827, making it the seventh-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Miami, which is also the county's only incorporated community. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889. It is named for Oran Milo Roberts, a governor of Texas. Roberts County is one of six prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas. It is notable for having the highest percentage of Republican voters of any United States county in the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections.


Plains Apaches inhabited the Texas Panhandle until they were displaced by the Comanches who dominated the area until the 1870s. The Comanches hunted the large herds of buffalo, which grazed on the prairie. In the Red River War of 1874-75, United States Army troops led by Ranald S. Mackenzie drove out the Comanches. Simultaneously, buffalo hunters killed the large herds in the area, making way for permanent settlements.

In 1876, Roberts County was carved from Bexar County and the Clay Land District. In 1887, the Southern Kansas Railway was built through Roberts County, and settlers followed.

Roberts County is the scene of a recent battle for water rights, where the City of Amarillo, Texas, the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority, and T. Boone Pickens have sought to purchase the water rights within the county. Between the three, they own 80% of the water rights.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 924 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 924 square miles (2,390 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.

The county is relatively flat except for the Canadian River valley. Most of the land is used for cattle ranching. The county also contains the 68,000-acre (280 km2) Mesa Vista Ranch, which seeks to protect quail, dove and pheasant habitat along the creek beds south of the Canadian River.

Major highways

  • US 60.svg U.S. Highway 60
  • Texas 70.svg State Highway 70

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 32
1890 326 918.8%
1900 620 90.2%
1910 950 53.2%
1920 1,469 54.6%
1930 1,457 −0.8%
1940 1,289 −11.5%
1950 1,031 −20.0%
1960 1,075 4.3%
1970 967 −10.0%
1980 1,187 22.8%
1990 1,025 −13.6%
2000 887 −13.5%
2010 929 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Roberts County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
  White alone (NH) 929 717 90.53% 86.70%
  Black or African American alone (NH) 0 2 0.00% 0.24%
  Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 3 2 0.32% 0.24%
Asian alone (NH) 2 0 0.22% 0.00%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.12%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 9 55 0.97% 6.65%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 74 50 7.97% 6.05%
Total 929 827 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.



Unincorporated community

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