Roberts County, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Roberts County courthouse in Miami
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Oran Milo Roberts|
|• Total||924 sq mi (2,390 km2)|
|• Land||924 sq mi (2,390 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) 0.01%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||1/sq mi (0.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Roberts County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 827, making it the seventh-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Miami, which is also the county's only incorporated community. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889. It is named for Oran Milo Roberts, a governor of Texas. Roberts County is one of six prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas. It is notable for having the highest percentage of Republican voters of any United States county in the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections.
Plains Apaches inhabited the Texas Panhandle until they were displaced by the Comanches who dominated the area until the 1870s. The Comanches hunted the large herds of buffalo, which grazed on the prairie. In the Red River War of 1874-75, United States Army troops led by Ranald S. Mackenzie drove out the Comanches. Simultaneously, buffalo hunters killed the large herds in the area, making way for permanent settlements.
In 1876, Roberts County was carved from Bexar County and the Clay Land District. In 1887, the Southern Kansas Railway was built through Roberts County, and settlers followed.
Roberts County is the scene of a recent battle for water rights, where the City of Amarillo, Texas, the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority, and T. Boone Pickens have sought to purchase the water rights within the county. Between the three, they own 80% of the water rights.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 924 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 924 square miles (2,390 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.
The county is relatively flat except for the Canadian River valley. Most of the land is used for cattle ranching. The county also contains the 68,000-acre (280 km2) Mesa Vista Ranch, which seeks to protect quail, dove and pheasant habitat along the creek beds south of the Canadian River.
- Ochiltree County (north)
- Lipscomb County northeast)
- Hemphill County (east)
- Gray County (south)
- Carson County (southwest)
- Hutchinson County (west)
- Hansford County (northwest)
- Wheeler County (southeast)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||929||717||90.53%||86.70%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||0||2||0.00%||0.24%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||3||2||0.32%||0.24%|
|Asian alone (NH)||2||0||0.22%||0.00%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||0||0||0.00%||0.00%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||0||1||0.00%||0.12%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||9||55||0.97%||6.65%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||74||50||7.97%||6.05%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
- Miami (county seat)
Roberts County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.