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Gray County, Texas facts for kids

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Gray County
The Gray County Courthouse
The Gray County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Gray County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1902
Named for Peter W. Gray
Seat Pampa
Largest city Pampa
Area
 • Total 929 sq mi (2,410 km2)
 • Land 926 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Water 3.4 sq mi (9 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 21,227
 • Density 22.849/sq mi (8.822/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Gray County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 21,227. The county seat is Pampa. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1902. is named for Peter W. Gray, a Confederate lawyer and soldier in the American Civil War.

Gray County comprises the Pampa, TX micropolitan statistical area.

Gray County was the center of the White Deer Lands Management Company, which ceased operations in 1957. The history of the company is the theme of the White Deer Land Museum in Pampa, but company archives are at the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon. Timothy Dwight Hobart, the White Deer land agent from 1903 to 1924, was elected mayor of Pampa in 1927.

The Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railway Company of Texas served Gray County with service to Hemphill County at the Oklahoma border. Another line then connected eastward to Clinton, Oklahoma. An 11-mile extension of the COW-T ran from rural Heaton to the former oil camp of Coltexo in Gray County. Originally a Frank Kell property, the COW-T was acquired in 1928 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, which then leased it in 1931 to the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway (one of the Santa Fe's operating entities within the state of Texas).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 929 square miles (2,410 km2), of which 926 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-40 (TX).svg Interstate 40
  • US 60.svg U.S. Highway 60
  • Texas 70.svg State Highway 70
  • Texas 152.svg State Highway 152
  • Texas 273.svg State Highway 273

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 56
1890 203 262.5%
1900 480 136.5%
1910 3,405 609.4%
1920 4,663 36.9%
1930 22,090 373.7%
1940 23,911 8.2%
1950 24,728 3.4%
1960 31,535 27.5%
1970 26,949 −14.5%
1980 26,386 −2.1%
1990 23,967 −9.2%
2000 22,744 −5.1%
2010 22,535 −0.9%
2020 21,227 −5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Gray County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
  White alone (NH) 15,564 13,025 69.07% 61.36%
  Black or African American alone (NH) 1,055 835 4.68% 3.93%
  Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 152 141 0.67% 0.66%
Asian alone (NH) 83 127 0.37% 0.60%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 1 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 11 37 0.05% 0.17%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 304 715 1.35% 3.37%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 5,365 6,347 23.81% 29.90%
Total 22,535 21,227 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Communities

City

Town

Unincorporated community

Notable people

  • Phil Cates, state representative from 1971 to 1979, was born in Pampa in 1947.
  • Tom Mechler, state Republican Party chairman since 2015, is a former Gray County Republican chairman.
  • Kae T. Patrick, a native of Gray County, served in the Texas House of Representatives from San Antonio from 1981 to 1988.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Gray (Texas) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
African-American Astronauts:
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