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Gray County, Texas facts for kids

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Gray County
The Gray County Courthouse
The Gray County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Gray County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1902
Named for Peter W. Gray
Seat Pampa
Largest city Pampa
 • Total 929 sq mi (2,410 km2)
 • Land 926 sq mi (2,400 km2)
 • Water 3.4 sq mi (9 km2)  0.4%%
 • Total 22,535
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Gray County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 22,535. The county seat is Pampa. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1902. is named for Peter W. Gray, a Confederate lawyer and soldier in the American Civil War.

Gray County comprises the Pampa, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Gray County was the center of the White Deer Lands Management Company, which ceased operations in 1957. The history of the company is the theme of the White Deer Land Museum in Pampa, but company archives are at the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon. Timothy Dwight Hobart, the White Deer land agent from 1903 to 1924, was elected mayor of Pampa in 1927.

The Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas served Gray County with service to Hemphill County at the Oklahoma border. Another line then connected eastward to Clinton, Oklahoma. There was an eleven-mile extension of the COW-T from rural nHeaton to the former oil camp of Coltexo in Gray County. Originally a Frank Kell property, the COW-T was acquired in 1928 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, which then leased it in 1931 to the former Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 929 square miles (2,410 km2), of which 926 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-40 (TX).svg Interstate 40
  • US 60.svg U.S. Highway 60
  • Texas 70.svg State Highway 70
  • Texas 152.svg State Highway 152
  • Texas 273.svg State Highway 273

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 56
1890 203 262.5%
1900 480 136.5%
1910 3,405 609.4%
1920 4,663 36.9%
1930 22,090 373.7%
1940 23,911 8.2%
1950 24,728 3.4%
1960 31,535 27.5%
1970 26,949 −14.5%
1980 26,386 −2.1%
1990 23,967 −9.2%
2000 22,744 −5.1%
2010 22,535 −0.9%
Est. 2015 23,210 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,744 people, 8,793 households, and 6,049 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 10,567 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.15% White, 5.85% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 8.23% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. 13.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,793 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,368, and the median income for a family was $40,019. Males had a median income of $32,401 versus $20,158 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,702. About 11.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.




Unincorporated community

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