Carson County, Texas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Samuel Price Carson|
|• Total||924 sq mi (2,390 km2)|
|• Land||920 sq mi (2,400 km2)|
|• Water||3.9 sq mi (10 km2) 0.4%|
|• Density||6.285/sq mi (2.4265/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Carson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 5,807. The county seat is Panhandle. The county was founded in 1876 and later organized in 1888. It is named for Samuel Price Carson, the first secretary of state of the Republic of Texas.
Carson County is included in the Amarillo, TX metropolitan statistical area.
Prehistoric hunter-gatherer were the first inhabitants, followed by the Plains Apache. Modern Apache tribes followed them and were displaced by Comanches. The Comanches were defeated by the United States Army in the Red River War of 1874.
County Established and Growth
Ranching began to be established in the county in the 1880s. The JA Ranch encompassed over a million acres (4,000 km²) within six adjoining counties. Richard E. McNalty established the Turkey Track Ranch in 1878. One of the early failed attempts came in 1882 when Charles G. Francklyn purchased 637,440 acres (2,579.6 km2) of railroad lands in adjoining counties to form the Francklyn Land and Cattle Company. The lands were later sold to the White Deer Lands Trust of British bondholders in 1886 and 1887.
Railroads began to reach the county by 1886 when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway subsidiary Southern Kansas Railway extended the line into Texas, making Panhandle City a railhead in 1888. In 1889, the Fort Worth and Denver Railway linked Panhandle City with Washburn in Armstrong County. In 1904 the Chicago, Rock Island and Gulf bought the line. In 1908 the Southern Kansas of Texas extended its line from Panhandle City to Amarillo, thus making the Kansas-Texas-New Mexico line a major transcontinental route. The Choctaw, Oklahoma and Texas Railroad built across the southern edge of the county.
Pumping underground water with windmills resolved the issue of bringing water from Roberts County via the railroad.
Experimental drilling by Gulf Oil Corporation led to the county's, and the Panhandle's, first oil and gas production in late 1921. Borger field was discovered in 1925, sparking much oil exploration and production of the Panhandle area. By the end of 2000 more than 178,398,900 barrels (28,363,160 m3) of petroleum had been produced from county lands.
In September 1942 the Pantex Ordnance Plant was built on 16,076 acres (65.06 km2) of southwestern Carson County land, to pack and load shells and bombs in support of the World War II effort. Operations ceased August 1945, and in 1949 the site was sold to Texas Tech University at Amarillo for agricultural experimentation. Pantex reopened in 1951 as a nuclear weapons assembly plant. In 1960, Pantex began high explosives development in support of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. Pantex has a long-term mission to safely and securely maintain the nation’s nuclear weapons stockpile and dismantle weapons retired by the military.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 924 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 920 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.4%) is water.
- Interstate 40
- U.S. Highway 60
- State Highway 152
- State Highway 207
- Farm to Market Road 293
- Hutchinson County (north)
- Roberts County (northeast)
- Gray County (east)
- Armstrong County (south)
- Potter County (west)
- Moore County (northwest)
- Donley County (southeast)
- Randall County (southwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||5,473||4,873||88.53%||83.92%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||35||19||0.57%||0.33%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||56||46||0.91%||0.79%|
|Asian alone (NH)||19||19||0.31%||0.33%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||0||1||0.00%||0.02%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||0||7||0.00%||0.12%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||74||284||1.20%||4.89%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||525||558||8.49%||9.61%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
- Groom Independent School District
- Panhandle Independent School District
- Sanford-Fritch Independent School District
- White Deer Independent School District
All of the county is in the service area of Amarillo College.
In Spanish: Condado de Carson para niños
Carson County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.