Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges facts for kids
Cathedral of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
|Area1||11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||21.70/km2 (56.2/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02:00)|
|INSEE/Postal code||31472 /31510|
|Elevation||421–1,016 m (1,381–3,333 ft)
(avg. 719 m or 2,359 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
In 1083, the knight Bertrand de l'Isle-Jourdain was named as Bishop of Comminges. He ordered the construction of the cathedral and of the Romanesque cloister. The place became used by pilgrims as a stage on the route to Santiago de Compostela.
Bertrand de l'Isle was canonised and became known as Saint-Bertrand in the 13th century and Lugdunum Convenarum became known as Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges.
Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges is the southwestern end of Haute-Garonne department and borders 8 other communes, six of them in the Hautes-Pyrénées department.
The climate of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.
The inhabitants of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges are known, in French, as Commingeois (women: Commingeoises).
Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges has a population, in 2014, of 243, for a population density of 21.7 inhabitants/km2.
Evolution of the population in Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges is part of the arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens, the Bagnères-de-Luchon canton and of the intercommunality Les Pyrénées Haut-Garonnaises (French: Communauté de communes des Pyrénées Haut-Garonnaises).
- Bertrand de Comminges (~ 1050–1123), Bishop of Comminges that rebuilt the cathedral; the commune is named after him.
- Bertrand de Got (~ 1264–1314) was bishop of Comminges and later pope with the name of Clement V.
- Pierre de Foix (1386–1464), bishop of Comminges that built the tomb of Saint Bertrand.
- François Bayle (1622-1709), born in Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges, physician, botanist, professor of Medicine at the old University of Toulouse.
- Nérée Boubée (1806–1862), entomologist, geologist, co-founder of a museum of the Pyrenees in Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges together with Victor Cazes.
- Festival international de musique du Comminges (pipe organ and religious music).
- Journée de la littérature jeunesse et de l'écrit de Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges.
Sites of interest
Some important buildings and places are:
- Ruins of the old city of Lugdunum Convenarum.
- The Notre-Dame of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges cathedral.
- The early Christianity basilica, in the lower town.
- The old Convent of the Olivetans; now the tourism office is here.
- Maison Bridaut; here is the post office.
Images for kids
Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.