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Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
Cathedral of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
Cathedral of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
Coat of arms of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Haute-Garonne
Arrondissement Saint-Gaudens
Canton Bagnères-de-Luchon
Intercommunality Pyrénées Haut-Garonnaises
Area1 11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi)
Population (2014) 243
 • Density 21.70/km2 (56.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Commingeois
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
INSEE/Postal code 31472 /31510
Elevation 421–1,016 m (1,381–3,333 ft)
(avg. 719 m or 2,359 ft)
Website Mairie
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges is a commune in southwestern France, part of the department of Haute-Garonne in the Occitanie region.

History

In 72 B.C. the Roman General Pompey, while on the way back to Rome after a military campaign in Spain, founded a Roman colony there named Lugdunum Convenarum.

In 1083, the knight Bertrand de l'Isle-Jourdain was named as Bishop of Comminges. He ordered the construction of the cathedral and of the Romanesque cloister. The place became used by pilgrims as a stage on the route to Santiago de Compostela.

Bertrand de l'Isle was canonised and became known as Saint-Bertrand in the 13th century and Lugdunum Convenarum became known as Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges.

Geography

Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges is on the foothills of the Pyrenees in the Comminges region at 18 km (11 mi) to the southwest of Saint-Gaudens. It is on the border with the Hautes-Pyrénées department.

The commune has an area of 11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi), and its average altitude is 719 m (2,359 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 500 m (1,600 ft).

Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune de Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges

Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges is the southwestern end of Haute-Garonne department and borders 8 other communes, six of them in the Hautes-Pyrénées department.

The Garonne river flows through the northeastern border of the commune; several of its tributaries, all small streams, flow through the commune.

Climate

The climate of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.

Population

The inhabitants of Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges are known, in French, as Commingeois (women: Commingeoises).

Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges has a population, in 2014, of 243, for a population density of 21.7 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges

Administration

Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges is part of the arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens, the Bagnères-de-Luchon canton and of the intercommunality Les Pyrénées Haut-Garonnaises (French: Communauté de communes des Pyrénées Haut-Garonnaises).

People born at or related to Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges

  • Bertrand de Comminges (~ 1050–1123), Bishop of Comminges that rebuilt the cathedral; the commune is named after him.
  • Bertrand de Got (~ 1264–1314) was bishop of Comminges and later pope with the name of Clement V.
  • Pierre de Foix (1386–1464), bishop of Comminges that built the tomb of Saint Bertrand.
  • François Bayle (1622-1709), born in Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges, physician, botanist, professor of Medicine at the old University of Toulouse.
  • Nérée Boubée (1806–1862), entomologist, geologist, co-founder of a museum of the Pyrenees in Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges together with Victor Cazes.

Events

  • Festival international de musique du Comminges (pipe organ and religious music).
  • Journée de la littérature jeunesse et de l'écrit de Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges.

Sites of interest

Some important buildings and places are:

Gallery

Related pages


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