Schuylerville, New York facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Schuylerville, New York
St. Stephen's Episcopal Church
|• Total||0.59 sq mi (1.52 km2)|
|• Land||0.53 sq mi (1.38 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)|
|Elevation||128 ft (39 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Density||2,470.92/sq mi (954.00/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0964639|
Schuylerville is a village in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The village is located in the northeastern part of the Town of Saratoga, east of Saratoga Springs. The Village of Victory is adjacent to Schuylerville to the southwest and the Hudson River forms the village's eastern border. The population was 1,386 at the 2010 census. The village was incorporated in 1831 and is named after the Schuyler family, a prominent family of Dutch descent in colonial America.
Schuylerville was the site of the surrender of the British Army under General John Burgoyne, following the Battles of Saratoga (1777) in the nearby Town of Stillwater. Schuylerville contains several historic buildings, including the General Schuyler House, part of the Saratoga National Historical Park, and Old Saratoga Reformed Church. The schools of the Schuylerville Central School District are located in the village, as are the offices of the Town of Saratoga. The village is served by a public library, Fort Hardy Park, a visitor's center, Schuyler Hose Company volunteer fire department and several churches. Village government consists of a mayor and four trustees.
Nearby cultural attractions include the Saratoga Performing Arts Center, Saratoga Race Course, Saratoga National Historical Park and Glens Falls Civic Center. Skidmore College, SUNY Empire State College and Adirondack Community College are also nearby.
Inhabited by Native Americans from at least 1,200 years ago, the region was settled by Dutch settlers from Albany, New York in 1691 and called Fort Saratoga. These settlers included the Schuyler family. Conflicts occurred between French, Indians, Dutch, and English peoples. The peace of 1763 between France and England left the area open for settlement. Homes and mills were built including General Phillip Schuyler's flax mill in 1767 (the first of its kind in the American Colonies).
The community that developed near the fort was originally called "Saratoga," but was partly destroyed in 1745. The Old Saratoga reformed Church was organized in 1770. It was used as a hospital during the Revolutionary War.
In 1777 the British crossed the Hudson one half mile north of Schuylerville, and marched south about 9 miles to Stillwater. After their defeat, the British retreated back to the village, where they surrendered, marking the "turning point of the Revolution." This event is known as the Battles of Saratoga. The Americans' victory at Saratoga was enough to convince France to throw her support to the American cause, and Spain would eventually follow France's lead.
The village was incorporated in 1831 as Schuylerville. The Champlain Canal helped the local economy. Some people and businesses refer to the village by the nickname Old Saratoga, also, Olde Saratoga.
The Marshall House, found a mile north of the village center and the sole remaining witness building to the Battles of Saratoga, is listed as a significant Revolutionary War historic site. The Schuyler House, the Bullard Block, Old Saratoga Reformed Church, and St. Stephen's Episcopal Church are also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
There has been much debate about dredging the Hudson River that borders the east side of the Village of Schuylerville. The General Electric transformer plant dumped PCBs upstream in Hudson Falls, New York from 1947 to 1977. GE and the United States Environmental Protection Agency have come to an agreement in which GE is responsible for dredging a 40-mile (64 km) stretch of the river. The first part of the dredging will end in Schuylerville. In a press release from the EPA dated February 8, 2007, the EPA announced that the dredging would not start until 2009 because of various project complications. The debate over dredging the Hudson River has created tension within the community from the mid- to late-1990s to about 2003. The debate was heated for sometime, with some residents skeptical as to whether dredging will make the problem better or worse. This is said to be the largest Superfund project in the United States.
New York Times coverage
In the March 25, 1990 issue of The New York Times, writer James Howard Kunstler published a piece entitled "Schuylerville Stands Still". This piece used Schuylerville as an example of rural "rot and disrepair", citing unemployment, broken sidewalks, and dented cans at the local mini market, Mini Mart. Reaction to the article from members of the community was strongly negative. Kunstler also used Schuylerville as an example of a town in decline in a chapter titled "The loss of community" in his 1993 book, The Geography of Nowhere.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), of which, 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (10.34%) is water.
US Route 4 and NY Route 29 intersect in the community. NY Route 32 is conjoined with US-4 in the village.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, 1,386 people, 593 households, and 356 families were residing in the village. The population density was 2,622.5 people per square mile (1012.4/km2). The 663 housing units averaged 1,254.5 per square mile (484.3/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.4% White, 1.2% African American, 0.9% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.3% of the population.
Of the 593 households, 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40% were not families. About 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31, and the average family size was 2.91.
In the village, the population was distributed as 25.1% under the age of 20, 22.7% from 20 to 34, 22.2% from 35 to 49, 16.6% from 50 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.1 years.
According to the 2009-2013 American Community Survey Five-year Estimates, the median income for a household in the village was $55,284, and the median income for a family was $67,768. Males had a median income of $50,625 versus $32,629 for females. The per capita income for the village was $24,157. About 7.8% of families and 12% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.
In the March 25, 1990, issue of The New York Times, writer James Howard Kunstler published a piece entitled "Schuylerville Stands Still". He portrayed Schuylerville as an example of rural "rot and disrepair", citing unemployment, broken sidewalks, and dented cans at Mini Mart, a local mini market. Residents reacted negatively to his feature. Kunstler also used Schuylerville as an example of a town in decline in a chapter titled "The loss of community" in his 1993 book, The Geography of Nowhere.
The Marshall House
The Marshall House lies one mile north of the village center on US Highway 4 and NY Highway 32. Made famous by Baroness Frederika Riedesel in her Letters and Journals relating to the War of the American Revolution and the Capture of the German Troops at Saratoga.
This house was built in 1770-1773. During the closing days of the Battles of Saratoga, Baroness Riedesel with her three infant daughters sheltered there together with the wives of officers of the British army and wounded personnel. Her account of the travails of those around her, her keen insight into the personalities of the principal officers of both the British and American armies and her devotion to her husband in peril have led some commentators to name her as the first woman war correspondent.
The Marshall House was bombarded by the Americans who supposed it an enemy headquarters. Within are conserved cannonballs and other reminders of the ordeal suffered by those who took refuge there. The stone cellar made famous by the baroness is largely unchanged. The Marshall House is the sole remaining witness building to the Battles of Saratoga. The owners welcome visitors by appointment.
- Old Saratoga and The Burgoyne Campaign", by William S. Ostrander, Schuylerville, N. Y., 1897.
- The Baroness and the General, by Louise Hall Tharp, Little, Brown and Company, Boston/Toronto, 1962.
- Baroness von Riedesel and the American Revolution, Marvin L. Brown, JR., The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1965.
Images for kids
Lithograph of Schuylerville from 1889 by L.R. Burleigh including list of landmarks
Schuylerville, New York Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.