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Shelbyville, Illinois facts for kids

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Shelby County Courthouse in Illinois.jpg
Shelby County Courthouse in Shelbyville
Country United States
State Illinois
County Shelby
Elevation 624 ft (190 m)
Coordinates 39°24′29″N 88°47′59″W / 39.40806°N 88.79972°W / 39.40806; -88.79972
Area 4.01 sq mi (10 km²)
 - land 3.83 sq mi (10 km²)
 - water 0.19 sq mi (0 km²)
Population 4,700 (2010)
Density 1,205.13 /sq mi (465 /km²)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62565
Area code 217

Shelbyville is a city in Shelby County, Illinois, along the Kaskaskia River. As of the 2010 census, the population was at 4,700. It is the county seat of Shelby County. Shelby Memorial Hospital, located in town, is the county's only hospital.


Shelbyville is located at 39°24′29″N 88°47′59″W / 39.40806°N 88.79972°W / 39.40806; -88.79972 (39.408142, -88.799730).

According to the 2010 census, Shelbyville has a total area of 4.016 square miles (10.40 km2), of which 3.83 square miles (9.92 km2) (or 95.37%) is land and 0.186 square miles (0.48 km2) (or 4.63%) is water.

Shelbyville was founded in 1827 and named in honor of Isaac Shelby, hero of the Revolutionary War and Governor of Kentucky. The history of Shelbyville begins with Barnett Bone, a Tennessean who, in 1835, built a log cabin along the Kaskaskia River. His cabin eventually became the county courthouse. The first businesses were blacksmith shops, a general store and stage coach stop, and a grist mill.

The terminal moraine of the Wisconsin Glacier is located near Shelbyville. This is referred to as the Shelbyville Moraine.

Shelbyville Dam
The Shelbyville Dam
Dam Road, looking west

Lake Shelbyville Dam

The Kaskaskia River has been dammed where it breaches the Shelbyville Moraine, forming Lake Shelbyville.

The Army Corps of Engineers broke ground on the dam in 1963, and construction was completed in the early summer of 1970. Tours of the dam are given at 3 P.M. Saturdays and Sundays.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 385
1860 1,330 245.5%
1870 2,051 54.2%
1880 2,939 43.3%
1890 3,162 7.6%
1900 3,546 12.1%
1910 3,590 1.2%
1920 3,568 −0.6%
1930 3,491 −2.2%
1940 4,092 17.2%
1950 4,462 9.0%
1960 4,821 8.0%
1970 4,887 1.4%
1980 5,259 7.6%
1990 4,943 −6.0%
2000 4,971 0.6%
2010 4,700 −5.5%
Est. 2015 4,599 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,700 people, 2,093 households, and 1,345(?) families residing in the city. The population density was 1205.13 people per square mile (3121.27/km²). There were 2,308 housing units at an average density of 619.9(?) per square mile (239.1/km²)(?). The racial makeup of the city was 98.26% White, 0.34% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

There were 2,093 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,458, and the median income for a family was $39,205. Males had a median income of $31,477 versus $18,710 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,596. About 6.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.


Another Shelbyville invention, the first commercial pick-up bailer, was designed and developed by Raymore McDonald, as conceived and financed by Horace M. Tallman and his two sons, Leslie and Gentry. These balers were marketed for many years by the Ann Arbor Machine Company of Shelbyville. This concept of field processing of farm forages made a significant contribution to the efficiency and economy of harvesting in the world's agriculture. This basic field pick-up mechanism has been used in over 15 million balers. The American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers designated Shelbyville as an historical landmark of agricultural engineering, of which there are only 47 in the entire United States. Mr. Tallman's home has been restored and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Located on West Main Street, the Tallman home is currently part of the Shelby Inn.

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