Shelbyville, Indiana facts for kids
Aerial photo of Shelbyville
|Motto: "Pride in Progress"|
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Total||11.84 sq mi (30.67 km2)|
|• Land||11.56 sq mi (29.94 km2)|
|• Water||0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2) 2.36%|
|Elevation||764 ft (233 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||19,159|
|• Density||1,660.1/sq mi (641.0/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||443347|
|Major State Roads||
|Waterways||Little Blue River, Big Blue River|
|Airports||Shelbyville Municipal Airport|
In 1818, the land that would become Shelbyville was ceded to the United States by the Miami tribe in the Treaty of St. Mary's. Also in 1818, the backwoodsman Jacob Whetzel and a party cut a trail through this "New Purchase" from the Whitewater River at Laurel due west to the White River at Waverly. This trail became known as Whetzel's Trace and was the first east-west road into the New Purchase of central Indiana. Whetzel's Trace was cut just 4 miles north of site of Shelbyville and proved important in the settlement of Shelby County.
Shelbyville was platted in 1822. Shelbyville was named in honor of Isaac Shelby, the first and fifth Governor of Kentucky and soldier in Lord Dunmore's War, the Revolutionary War, and the War of 1812. The town incorporated January 21, 1850.
The Shelbyville post office has been in operation since 1823.
The city charter received at that time was destroyed in the City Hall fire on January 1, 1928.
Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 crashed on September 9, 1969 near Fairland. Nearly thirty of the 82 people killed were never identified and were buried in a mass grave in Shelbyville.
John Hamilton House, Lora B. Pearson School, Porter Pool Bathhouse, Shelbyville Commercial Historic District, Shelby County Courthouse, Shelbyville High School, and West Side Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Shelbyville is located in Central Indiana and within the Indianapolis metropolitan area. It is 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Indianapolis. The city is at the fork of the Little Blue and Big Blue Rivers.
According to the 2010 census, Shelbyville has a total area of 11.845 square miles (30.68 km2), of which 11.56 square miles (29.94 km2) (or 97.59%) is land and 0.285 square miles (0.74 km2) (or 2.41%) is water.
Shelbyville has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) experiencing four distinct seasons. Annual precipitation: 40.14 inches Average temperature: 54.14 degrees
|Source: US Census Bureau|
As of the census of 2010, there were 19,191 people, 7,682 households, and 4,848 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,660.1 inhabitants per square mile (641.0/km2). There were 8,658 housing units at an average density of 749.0 per square mile (289.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.9% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.1% of the population.
There were 7,682 households of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.
The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,951 people, 7,307 households, and 4,654 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,023.0 people per square mile (781.4/km²). There were 7,930 housing units at an average density of 893.7 per square mile (345.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.28% White, 1.58% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.
There were 7,307 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,824, and the median income for a family was $46,379. Males had a median income of $34,550 versus $24,331 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,670. About 6.1% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
Shelbyville, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.