Sherwood, Oregon facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Sherwood, Oregon
City
Building in downtown
Building in downtown
Nickname(s): Smockville
Motto: Home of the Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Washington
Incorporated 1893
Area
 • Total 4.31 sq mi (11.16 km2)
 • Land 4.31 sq mi (11.16 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 193 ft (59 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,194
 • Estimate (2014) 18,978
 • Density 4,221.3/sq mi (1,629.9/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97140
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-67100
GNIS feature ID 1126877
Website www.ci.sherwood.or.us

Sherwood is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States. Located in the southeast corner of the county, it is a residential community in the Tualatin Valley, southwest of Portland. As of the 2010 census, Sherwood had a population of 18,194 residents. The city's population for 2014 was estimated to be 18,978 by the U.S. Census. Sherwood was first incorporated in 1893 as a town. Originally named Smockville after its founder, James Christopher Smock, the town was given its current name by local businessman Robert Alexander in 1891, who likely named it after his hometown of Sherwood, Michigan.

History

What is now the Sherwood area was originally inhabited by the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya nation. The first significant wave of United States emigrants arrived in 1842. Native Americans were relocated to reservations after the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850–55 gave American citizens exclusive ownership of these lands. The relocation process took place under the guidance of a series of federal employees, most notably Superintendent of Indian Affairs Joel Palmer, who was severely criticized for his humane treatment of the tribes.

The California Gold Rush of 1849 caused a dramatic shift in the area's economy. of both cities.

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Sherwood downtown from the corner of Railroad and Main looking north

The name "Sherwood" arose from a declination of naming the town "Smock Ville" after its co-founders James Christopher and Mary Ellen Smock. In 1885, the Smocks gave a right-of-way on their property to the Portland and Willamette Valley Railway. The Smocks platted the town in 1889, the same year rail service began. Tradition has it that no one, not even the town's founders, liked the name "Smock Ville," and so a public meeting was held to rename the town. Robert Alexander, who was both a local resident and prominent businessman, suggested the name "Sherwood." According to post office records, Alexander was from Sherwood, Michigan, and also said the forest which surrounded the city was like Sherwood Forest in England. The U.S. Postal Department began sending mail to the Town of Sherwood, Oregon on July 5, 1891. Smock was the first postmaster. The Town of Sherwood was incorporated under Oregon Senate Bill 36 in 1893.

The main industry in the 1890s was a pressed brick yard which closed in 1896, a victim of the deep recession of 1893. The Klondike Gold Rush of 1897 revived Sherwood's economy.

The population of the city in 1911 was 350 within a 1-square-mile (2.6 km2) city limit. The city has since expanded to nearly 4.5 square miles (12 km2).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.16 km2), all land.

Climate data for Sherwood, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 49
(9.4)
53
(11.7)
58
(14.4)
63
(17.2)
69
(20.6)
75
(23.9)
81
(27.2)
81
(27.2)
77
(25)
65
(18.3)
54
(12.2)
47
(8.3)
64.3
(17.96)
Average low °F (°C) 35
(1.7)
35
(1.7)
38
(3.3)
41
(5)
46
(7.8)
50
(10)
54
(12.2)
54
(12.2)
50
(10)
43
(6.1)
38
(3.3)
34
(1.1)
43.2
(6.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 6.11
(155.2)
4.62
(117.3)
4.06
(103.1)
2.99
(75.9)
2.29
(58.2)
1.77
(45)
.56
(14.2)
.64
(16.3)
1.39
(35.3)
3.12
(79.2)
6.36
(161.5)
6.82
(173.2)
40.73
(1,034.5)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 111
1910 115 3.6%
1920 320 178.3%
1930 382 19.4%
1940 447 17.0%
1950 575 28.6%
1960 680 18.3%
1970 1,396 105.3%
1980 2,386 70.9%
1990 3,093 29.6%
2000 11,791 281.2%
2010 18,194 54.3%
Est. 2015 19,283 6.0%
Sources:
Or sherwood modernhouses 99w
Modern houses along 99 West

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,194 people, 6,316 households, and 4,857 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,221.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,629.9/km2). There were 6,569 housing units at an average density of 1,524.1 per square mile (588.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.5% White, 0.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.0% of the population.

There were 6,316 households of which 49.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.1% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.31.

The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 33.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 6.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

The median income for a household in the city was $82,579, and the median income for a family was $90,492. Males had a median income of $66,052 versus $47,013 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,047. About 2.2% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 11,791 people, 4,253 households, and 3,300 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,895.5 people per square mile (1,118.6/km²). There were 4,412 housing units at an average density of 1,083.4 per square mile (418.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.36% White, 0.43% African American, 0.51% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more ethnicity. Hispanic or Latino of any ethnicity were 4.72% of the population.

There were 4,253 households out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 41.2% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $62,518, and the median income for a family was $67,277. Males had a median income of $47,920 versus $33,657 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,793. About 1.5% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

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