McMinnville, Oregon facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
McMinnville
City
McMinnville, Oregon
Hotel Oregon in the Downtown Historic District
Hotel Oregon in the Downtown Historic District
Nickname(s): Mac
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Yamhill
Founded 1856
Incorporated 1876
Area
 • Total 10.58 sq mi (27.40 km2)
 • Land 10.58 sq mi (27.40 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 157 ft (47.9 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 32,187
 • Estimate (2013) 33,131
 • Density 3,042.2/sq mi (1,174.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97128
Area code(s) 503, 971
FIPS code 41-45000
GNIS feature ID 1163136
Website City of McMinnville

McMinnville is the county seat and largest city of Yamhill County, Oregon, United States. According to Oregon Geographic Names, it was named by its founder, William T. Newby (1820–1884), an early immigrant on the Oregon Trail, for his hometown of McMinnville, Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 32,187.

McMinnville is located at the confluence of the North and South Forks of the Yamhill River in the Willamette Valley. Part of the Portland metropolitan area, it lies 35 miles (56 km) southwest of Portland. The city is home to Linfield College and the Evergreen Aviation Museum (which includes the Spruce Goose).

History

W. T. Newby from Centennial History of Oregon
McMinnville founder William T. Newby.

Town founder William T. Newby joined the Great Migration of 1843, later claiming land in 1844 on the present site of McMinnville in what was then known as the Oregon Country. He built a grist mill in 1853 at what would become the west end of Third Street. On May 5th, 1856 Newby platted a town and named it after his hometown of McMinnville, Tennessee. Newby would later make a substantial donation of land for the founding of an institution of higher learning in the town, originally called McMinnville College but known today as Linfield College.

McMinnville was incorporated as a town in 1876 and became a city in 1882. County residents voted to move the county seat of Yamhill County from Lafayette to McMinnville in 1886.

McMinnville UFO photographs

McMinnville is known among UFO researchers for photographs published on the front page of the June 9, 1950, edition of the city's newspaper, the News-Register (then known as the Telephone-Register), reportedly of an unidentified flying object seen almost a month earlier, May 11. The Oregonian published the photographs the next day, and within a month they were published in LIFE magazine.

Although these images have come to be known as the "McMinnville UFO photographs", the Trent farm was actually located just outside Sheridan, Oregon, nine miles southwest of McMinnville. The heated debate which followed between UFO researchers and skeptics made the town's name famous and has spurred an annual "UFO Festival" in McMinnville, the second largest such gathering in the United States to that of Roswell, New Mexico.

Geography

McMinnville is located 50 miles (80 km) from the Pacific Ocean, 35 miles (56 km) from Portland, and 26 miles (42 km) from Salem, the state capital.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.58 square miles (27.40 km2), all of it land.

Climate

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, McMinnville has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.

Climate data for McMinnville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
22.2
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
37.2
(99)
37.8
(100)
43.3
(109.9)
43.3
(109.9)
42.2
(108)
41.1
(106)
35
(95)
26.7
(80.1)
22.2
(72)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 7.7
(45.9)
10.5
(50.9)
13.2
(55.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.5
(68.9)
23.9
(75)
28.3
(82.9)
28.2
(82.8)
24.8
(76.6)
18.3
(64.9)
11.7
(53.1)
8.2
(46.8)
17.68
(63.82)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
6.1
(43)
7.9
(46.2)
10.3
(50.5)
13.3
(55.9)
16.2
(61.2)
19.1
(66.4)
19.1
(66.4)
16.5
(61.7)
11.9
(53.4)
7.5
(45.5)
4.8
(40.6)
11.41
(52.54)
Average low °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
1.7
(35.1)
2.5
(36.5)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
8.4
(47.1)
9.9
(49.8)
9.9
(49.8)
8.1
(46.6)
5.5
(41.9)
3.3
(37.9)
1.3
(34.3)
5.12
(41.21)
Record low °C (°F) -21.7
(-7.1)
-18.9
(-2)
-10
(14)
-16.1
(3)
-4.4
(24.1)
-0.6
(30.9)
1.1
(34)
-1.1
(30)
-3.9
(25)
-6.7
(19.9)
-12.9
(8.8)
-31.1
(-24)
-31.1
(-24)
Precipitation mm (inches) 170
(6.69)
132
(5.2)
114
(4.49)
65
(2.56)
48
(1.89)
29
(1.14)
10
(0.39)
14
(0.55)
40
(1.57)
80
(3.15)
178
(7.01)
185
(7.28)
1,065
(41.93)
Avg. precipitation days 18 16 16 13 10 7 2 3 6 11 17 19 138

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 388
1880 670 72.7%
1890 1,368 104.2%
1900 1,420 3.8%
1910 2,400 69.0%
1920 2,767 15.3%
1930 2,917 5.4%
1940 3,706 27.0%
1950 6,635 79.0%
1960 7,656 15.4%
1970 10,125 32.2%
1980 14,080 39.1%
1990 17,894 27.1%
2000 26,499 48.1%
2010 32,187 21.5%
Est. 2015 33,892 27.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 32,187 people, 11,674 households, and 7,779 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,042.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,174.6/km2). There were 12,389 housing units at an average density of 1,171.0 per square mile (452.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.2% White, 0.7% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 10.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.6% of the population.

There were 11,674 households of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.4% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 34 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 22.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,499 people residing in the city, among 9,367 households and 6,463 families. The population density is 2,675.8 people per square mile (1,033.5/km²). There are 9,834 housing units at an average density of 993.0 per square mile (383.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 86.39% White, 1.39% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.68% Black or African American, and 0.18% Pacific Islander. 14.64% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 7.26% identify themselves as from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races.

There are 9,367 households out of which 35.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% are married couples living together, 10.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% are non-families. 23.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.66 and the average family size is 3.13.

In the city, the population is spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 14.7% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $38,953, and the median income for a family is $44,013. Males have a median income of $33,517 versus $24,405 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,085. 12.9% of the population and 8.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.0% of those under the age of 18 and 7.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

PioneerHall1
Pioneer Hall at Linfield College

Turkey Rama is a three-day festival held in downtown McMinnville celebrating the ongoing tradition of the turkey barbecue. The barbecue was started in 1938 by turkey farmers in Yamhill County, when the main source of wealth in the county was based on the booming turkey-farming industry. Now, commercial exhibitions have replaced the "turkey exhibitions", and so the turkey-judging competitions and turkey races have been eliminated in favor of more "turkey-friendly" rides, booths, and outdoor entertainment.

The Dragging the Gut Festival is a three-day event held annually in downtown McMinnville on the fourth weekend in August. The festival gives participants the chance to relive the classic 1950s car cruising on the main street that took place for decades in small towns. The Dragging the Gut Festival's Car Show is a traditional sitting car show held 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on the Saturday (August 26, 2017) of the Dragging the Gut Festival. The car show is held in McMinnville at the Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum, home of Howard Hughes' famed "Spruce Goose" flying boat. The car show is a side event of the festival before the Saturday main cruising event begins.

The International Pinot Noir Celebration has been held every July since 1987 on the Linfield College campus.

Museums and other points of interest

Evergreen Aviation Museum
The Evergreen Aviation Museum

The Evergreen Aviation and Space Museum is located in McMinnville and is best known as the home of the Spruce Goose, the world's largest propeller-driven seaplane, built by the famed aviator Howard Hughes. The museum, home to another 80 historic aircraft and exhibits, is a pair of large symmetrical buildings with glass facades, a local landmark which can be seen for miles. Additional major exhibits include a SR-71 "Blackbird", a Titan II SLV Missile (with its launch control center), and a Grumman F6F3 "Hellcat." There is also an "IMAX class" digital 3D theater, the Wings & Waves indoor waterpark (containing wave pool, 4 slides emerging from 747 on building's roof, and educational displays), and the newly built Boy Scout Jamboree park. The space museum houses classrooms for the Engineering and Aerospace Academy of McMinnville High School.

Parks and recreation

McMinnville Community Center is headquarters for the McMinnville Parks and Recreation Department, which administers several parks throughout the city. Among these are Joe Dancer Park, which was named after a longtime city manager. It is a 100-acre (0.40 km2) park with soccer, baseball, and softball fields, a playground, and the Drew Ottley Memorial Skate Park. City Park is within walking distance from the downtown business district. It opened 1910, when the city sold $3,000 in park bonds to finance construction of a bandstand and a small zoo featuring bears, deer and other local animals. Near the site of Lower City Park, along Cozine Creek, there used to be a large flour mill, called the Star Mill. The mill was closed in 1921 and was damaged by a fire in 1927. The City of McMinnville sold $8,500 in bonds to finance the purchase of the property. The tract ran from Star Mill Way to Cozine Creek and West Second Street, to the Mill pond site. The pond site is now occupied by tennis courts. Wortman Park is a large forested park with a small stream running through it. A disc golf course was installed 1991 and is home to the annual Squirrel Open, an Oregon Disc Sports Association's Oregon Series tournament.

Images for kids


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