Solva facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSolva
|Population||865 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
Solva (Welsh: Solfach) is a village, community and electoral ward in Pembrokeshire, Wales. The village comprises principally Lower Solva and Upper Solva. The community also includes Middle Mill and Whitchurch.
Solva lies on the north side of St Bride's Bay, in North Pembrokeshire in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park and on the Pembrokeshire Coast Path. It lies on a deep valley at the mouth of the River Solva. In the valley is Lower Solva, consisting of a long street ending at the small harbour. Most of the modern development has been in Upper Solva, on the cliff top to the west of the harbour.
The rocks at the entrance to Solva Harbour made it one of the most sheltered anchorages between Fishguard and Milford Haven; it was marked on a 1578 parish map of Pembrokeshire as Dolvath Haven. On a 1748 map it is named Solvach.
Solva became the main trading centre of St Bride's Bay in the medieval period, and was important for lime burning. A prominent row of lime kilns is preserved at the harbour edge. By the end of the 18th century Solva had begun to expand, and could accommodate vessels of 500 tons, or up to 1,000 in an emergency. Some 30 vessels were registered to the port at this time, though this number reduced during the 19th century. The fading coastal trade was replaced by tourism, and the harbour became a leisure boating centre.
In 1943 the RAF established an airfield, named RAF St Davids, but which now lies within Solva community. The area was the subject of an archaeological survey in 2000.
The village was the location for Wales's first butterfly farm, Solva Nectarium, which opened in 1979.
An electoral ward of the same name exists. This ward extends to Brawdy and in fact some of the community was transferred there. The total population of the ward at the 2011 census was 1,877.
Every year on Easter Monday Solva hosts a Duck Race for charity. The ducks are released into the River Solva near Middle Mill and float down stream to Solva harbour. The winner is the first to cross under the footbridge in lower Solva car park.
Each summer, Solva hosts a regatta which features rowing for adults and children.
Solva now hosts its own festival each year being held at the end of July or Beginning of August. The festival is called 'The Edge Festival Solva' with its profits going to community based projects
Amenities and attractions
Solva Woollen Mill, located at the nearby village of Middle Mill, claims to be the oldest continuously working woollen mill in Pembrokeshire. Today the mill mostly manufactures carpets and rugs. There is a tearoom and a shop, and visitors are able to see the looms at work.
There are 37 listed structures in the community, including the church (of Whitchurch parish) of Saint Aidan.
TV and film
In June 2014 Solva was used as a location for the filming of Dylan Thomas's Under Milk Wood.
Images for kids
Solva Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.