Temple, Texas facts for kids

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Temple, Texas
City
City of Temple
Downtown Temple
Downtown Temple
Flag of Temple, Texas
Flag
Official seal of Temple, Texas
Seal
Nickname(s): "Wildflower Capital of Texas"
Motto: "Choose Temple!"
Location of Temple, Texas
Location of Temple, Texas
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Bell
Area
 • Total 74.9 sq mi (194 km2)
 • Land 70.1 sq mi (182 km2)
 • Water 4.8 sq mi (12 km2)
Elevation 719 ft (219 m)
Population (2015)
 • Total 76,277
 • Density 1,018.4/sq mi (393.20/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 76501-76505, 76508, 76502
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-72176
GNIS feature ID 1369696
Website www.ci.Temple.TX.us

Temple is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. As of 2016 the city has a population of 72,277 according to a US census estimate.

Located near the county seat of Belton, Temple lies in the region referred to as Central Texas and is a principal city in the Killeen–Temple–Fort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area. The metro region has a population of 450,051. Located off Interstate 35, Temple is 65 miles (105 km) north of Austin and 34 miles (55 km) south of Waco.

Temple has developed as a small city with a number of arts and retail amenities not typically associated with a smaller community. The primary economic drivers are the extensive medical community (mostly due to Scott & White Memorial Hospital) and goods distribution based on its central location and proximity to larger cities, such as Austin and Waco.

History

Mural in downtown Temple, TX IMG 2400
Mural of historical development in downtown Temple, by Philip M. Dunham

Temple was founded as a railroad town in 1881, by the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad. It was incorporated in 1882. The town was named after a Santa Fe Railroad official, Bernard Moore Temple. Temple was a civil engineer and former surveyor with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company.

In 1882, the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad built through the town, and soon after, the Santa Fe railroad made Temple a division point. In its early years, Temple was a town of shacks and tents with a large number of saloons and tough characters found in the early West. Locally, it was nicknamed Tanglefoot, because some citizens found that the combination of muddy streets and liquor made walking through the town challenging. After the town was incorporated in 1882, two private schools were founded in the city: the Temple Academy was organized and public school was established in 1884. In 1893, the annual Temple Stag Party began, growing out of a private Thanksgiving celebration attended by the town's leading men. It was held until 1923.

The Temple Railroad and Heritage Museum, on the second floor of the Santa Fe Railroad station at 315 West Avenue B, commemorates the connection between railroads and the city.

Geography

Temple is located northeast of the center of Bell County at 31°6′30″N 97°23′21″W / 31.10833°N 97.38917°W / 31.10833; -97.38917 (31.108381, -97.389125). It is the second largest city in Bell County. It is bordered to the southwest, on the opposite side of the Leon River, by Belton, the county seat.

Temple is situated within a relatively short drive of most of the major cities of Texas: 124 mi north to Fort Worth, 130 mi north-northeast to Dallas, 65 mi southwest to Austin, 147 mi southwest to San Antonio, and 168 mi southeast to Houston. The city is located right on Interstate 35 running alongside the Balcones Fault with very mixed geography. Towards the east lies the Blackland Prairie region (a rich farming area), and towards the west the terrain rises with low rolling limestone layered hills at the northeastern tip of the Texas Hill Country.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 74.9 square miles (194 km2), of which, 70.1 square miles (182 km2) of it is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Temple, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 57
(13.9)
62
(16.7)
70
(21.1)
77
(25)
84
(28.9)
90
(32.2)
95
(35)
95
(35)
89
(31.7)
80
(26.7)
68
(20)
59
(15)
77.2
(25.09)
Average low °F (°C) 35
(1.7)
39
(3.9)
46
(7.8)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
70
(21.1)
72
(22.2)
72
(22.2)
66
(18.9)
56
(13.3)
45
(7.2)
38
(3.3)
54.7
(12.59)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.13
(54.1)
2.69
(68.3)
3.19
(81)
2.59
(65.8)
4.51
(114.6)
4.23
(107.4)
1.93
(49)
2.25
(57.2)
3.70
(94)
3.97
(100.8)
2.94
(74.7)
2.75
(69.9)
36.88
(936.8)
Source: weather.com

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 4,047
1900 7,065 74.6%
1910 10,993 55.6%
1920 11,033 0.4%
1930 15,345 39.1%
1940 15,344 0.0%
1950 25,467 66.0%
1960 30,419 19.4%
1970 33,431 9.9%
1980 42,483 27.1%
1990 46,109 8.5%
2000 54,514 18.2%
2010 66,102 21.3%
Est. 2015 72,277 9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
Temple, TX, welcome sign IMG 0665
Temple welcome sign on Interstate 35
Scott-white-hospital-temple
Baylor Scott & White Hospital

As of the 2010 census, there were 66,102 people, 23,359 households, and 15,878 families residing in the city. The population density was 834.2 people per square mile (373.6/km²). There were 28,005 housing units at an average density of 359.8 per square mile (138.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.1% White, 23.7% Hispanic or Latino, 16.9% African American, 0.6% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.3% from two or more races.

There were 23,359 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,240 and the median income for a family was $42,795. Males had a median income of $30,858 versus $22,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,740. About 10.8% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Temple has a homeless population of 1.9% on average. Roughly 1 in 50 people. Assistance to the homeless is provided by Feed My Sheep and the Salvation Army

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