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Thornton, New Hampshire facts for kids

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Thornton, New Hampshire
Town
Sugar shack in Thornton
Sugar shack in Thornton
Official seal of Thornton, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Grafton
Incorporated 1763
Villages Thornton
West Thornton
Area
 • Total 50.7 sq mi (131.3 km2)
 • Land 50.1 sq mi (129.7 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)  1.19%
Elevation
617 ft (188 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 2,708
 • Density 54/sq mi (20.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03285
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-76740
GNIS feature ID 0873738

Thornton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,708 at the 2020 census, up from 2,490 at the 2010 census.

History

Thornton was incorporated in 1763, and named for Doctor Matthew Thornton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.8 square miles (131.6 km2), of which 50.2 square miles (130.0 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is water, comprising 1.19% of the town. The highest point in Thornton is 2,580 feet (790 m) above sea level on the western ridge of Dickey Mountain, whose 2,734-foot (833 m) summit lies in the neighboring town of Waterville Valley.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 385
1800 535 39.0%
1810 794 48.4%
1820 857 7.9%
1830 1,049 22.4%
1840 1,045 −0.4%
1850 1,011 −3.3%
1860 967 −4.4%
1870 840 −13.1%
1880 775 −7.7%
1890 632 −18.5%
1900 552 −12.7%
1910 553 0.2%
1920 477 −13.7%
1930 459 −3.8%
1940 501 9.2%
1950 460 −8.2%
1960 480 4.3%
1970 594 23.8%
1980 952 60.3%
1990 1,505 58.1%
2000 1,843 22.5%
2010 2,490 35.1%
2020 2,708 8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2000 census there were 1,843 people, 759 households, and 507 families living in the town. The population density was 36.6 people per square mile (14.1/km2). There were 1,487 housing units at an average density of 29.5 per square mile (11.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.61% White, 0.27% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71%.

Of the 759 households 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 21.1% of households were one person and 6.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.86.

The age distribution was 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.

The median household income was $38,380 and the median family income was $45,172. Males had a median income of $27,750 versus $22,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,478. About 6.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

  • Moses Cheney (1793–1875), 19th century abolitionist
  • Karl Drerup (1904–2000), German-American enamels artist
  • Orison Swett Marden (1848–1924), hotelier, author
  • Nevin S. Scrimshaw (1918–2013), nutritionist, winner of World Food Prize
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