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Toledo, Oregon
The city hall building in Toledo
The city hall building in Toledo
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lincoln
Incorporated 1905
 • Total 2.38 sq mi (6.17 km2)
 • Land 2.15 sq mi (5.56 km2)
 • Water 0.23 sq mi (0.61 km2)
180 ft (50 m)
 • Total 3,465
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,698.04/sq mi (655.72/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-74000
GNIS feature ID 2412076
Coordinates and elevation from the Geographic Names Information System of the United States Geological Survey

Toledo is a city located on the Yaquina River and along U.S. Route 20 in Lincoln County, in the U.S. state of Oregon. The population was 3,465 at the 2010 census. The city was a 2009 All-America City Award finalist.


European-American settlement in Toledo began in 1866, when John Graham, his son Joseph, and William Mackey, claimed land made available by the Homestead Act. The site was called "Graham's Landing" until a post office was established two years later. Joseph D. Graham, John's son, named the post office for Toledo, Ohio, because he was homesick. William Mackey was the first postmaster.

Toledo was made the county seat of the newly established Lincoln County in 1893. The city incorporated in 1893 and reincorporated in 1905. Charles Barton Crosno served as the first mayor. The county seat moved from Toledo to Newport in 1953.

In 1918, the Port of Toledo leased land to the Spruce Production Division for a sawmill to cut airplane frames for World War I. However, before production began, the war ended. C. D. Johnson and associates then bought the mill and related equipment, which by 1923 processed logs shipped to Toledo by rail. Georgia-Pacific acquired the operation in 1951 and turned it into a pulp mill.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.41 square miles (6.24 km2), of which, 2.18 square miles (5.65 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 302
1910 541 79.1%
1920 678 25.3%
1930 2,187 222.6%
1940 2,288 4.6%
1950 2,323 1.5%
1960 3,053 31.4%
1970 2,818 −7.7%
1980 3,151 11.8%
1990 3,174 0.7%
2000 3,472 9.4%
2010 3,465 −0.2%
2019 (est.) 3,644 5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,465 people, 1,331 households, and 907 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,589.4 inhabitants per square mile (613.7/km2). There were 1,474 housing units at an average density of 676.1 per square mile (261.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.9% White, 0.6% African American, 3.8% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population.

There were 1,331 households, of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.9% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 24.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.


Toledo is the western terminus of a Portland and Western Railroad line, once part of the Oregon Pacific Railroad, that links the city to Albany in the Willamette Valley. The city is also served by the port authority (the Port of Toledo), and Toledo State Airport.

First brick depot in Oregon

On 3 August 1893, Toledo became the first city to have a railroad depot made out of brick. The reason to build a depot had to do with a dispute of a twenty-foot strip of land. The city of Toledo, at the time, had no depot provided to the citizens. However, the citizens of Toledo made a demand on the railroad commissioners asking that the Oregon Pacific be forced to provide reasonable accommodations there. The people of Toledo and Oregon Pacific agreed to a contract: the people would pay $250, in money and to furnish an equal amount of labor on the building. Oregon Pacific, in return, agreed to erect within sixty days from the date of the contract a brick depot building at Toledo of the size and dimensions as before agreed upon at 20 feet by 60 feet.


There are two public schools in Toledo, which are part of the Lincoln County School District: Toledo Elementary School (K–6) and Toledo High School (7–12). Toledo High School is a combination junior high and high school, and serves students in seventh through twelfth grade.

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