Tower Hill facts for kids

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Tower Hill
London 12 2002 5070.JPG
10 Trinity Square, Tower Hill
Tower Hill shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ333806
• Charing Cross 2 mi (3.2 km) W
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district EC3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
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  • Poplar and Limehouse
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UK
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London
Tower Hill as shown on the Agas map of 1561
Tower Hill as shown on the "Woodcut" map of c. 1561

Tower Hill is an elevated spot northwest of the Tower of London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in the East End of London, just outside the City of London boundary.

It was formerly an extra-parochial area known as Great Tower Hill. Historically it was the site of countless public executions and today it is notable for being the site of the Tower Hill Memorial.

The area is served by Tower Gateway DLR station and Tower Hill tube station. A road named Tower Hill forms a short stretch of the A3211 route between Byward Street in the west and a junction with Minories and Tower Hill Terrace in the east.

History

Monmouth's Execution
Depiction of the 1685 execution of Sir James Scott at Tower Hill in a popular print.
London Tower Hill Scaffold Site
Site of the Scaffold on Tower Hill

Settlement

One of the oldest parts of London, archaeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village that was burnt down during the Boudica uprising. A nearby church, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, is known for fragments of Romanesque architecture dating back to AD 680; the church itself dates from 675.

Local government

Great Tower Hill was an extra-parochial area within the Tower Liberty, under the direct administrative control of the Tower of London and outside the jurisdiction of the City of London and the county of Middlesex. In 1855 the area became part of the district of the Metropolitan Board of Works. The "District of Tower" became part of the Whitechapel District, under the authority of the Whitechapel District Board of Works. This was ambiguous and The Great Tower Hill Act 1869 was required to explicitly interpret it as Old Tower Without, including within it Great Tower Hill. The Tower Liberty was abolished in 1894 and incorporated into the County of London.

Executions

Public executions of high-profile traitors and criminals were often carried out on Tower Hill, including:

  • 1381 – Simon Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1381 – Sir Robert Hales
  • 1388 – Sir Simon de Burley
  • 1388 – John de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp (fourth creation)
  • 1397 – Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel
  • 1440 – Rev. Richard Wyche, Vicar of Deptford
  • 1462 – John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford
  • 1462 – Aubrey de Vere, eldest son and heir of John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford
  • 1462 – Sir Thomas Tuddenham
  • 1462 – William Tyrrell
  • 1462 – John Montgomery
  • 1470 – John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester
  • 1495 – Sir William Stanley
  • 1497 – James Tuchet, a commander of the Cornish Rebellion of 1497
  • 1499 – Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick
  • 1502 – James Tyrrell
  • 1510 – Edmund Dudley
  • 1510 – Sir Richard Empson
  • 1521 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham
  • 1535 – John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester
  • 1535 – Sir Thomas More, ex-Lord Chancellor
  • 1536 – George Boleyn, brother of Anne Boleyn
  • 1537 – Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy
  • 1538 – Henry Courtenay, Earl of Devon
  • 1538 – Edward Neville
  • 1540 – Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex
  • 1540 – Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury
  • 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey
  • 1552 – Sir Ralph Vane
  • 1552 – Sir Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle
  • 1552 – Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset
  • 1554 – Sir Thomas Wyatt
  • 1554 – Lord Guildford Dudley
  • 1572 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk
  • 1601 – Sir Christopher Blount
  • 1615 – Sir Gervase Helwys
  • 1631 – Mervyn Tuchet, 2nd Earl of Castlehaven
  • 1641 – Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford
  • 1645 – William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1651 - Christopher Love, Presbyterian minister
  • 1662 – Sir Henry Vane
  • 1683 – Col. Algernon Sidney
  • 1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
  • 1716 – James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater
  • 1746 – William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock
  • 1746 – Robert Boyd (of Clan Boyd)
  • 1746 – Arthur Elphinstone, 6th Lord Balmerino
  • 1747 – Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
  1. REDIRECT Template:London Borough of Tower Hamlets

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