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Troy, Idaho
south entrance to Troy in 2008
south entrance to Troy in 2008
Location of Troy in Latah County, Idaho.
Location of Troy in Latah County, Idaho.
Country United States
State Idaho
County Latah
 • Total 0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)
 • Land 0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
2,487 ft (758 m)
 • Total 862
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,131.48/sq mi (436.77/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-82360
GNIS feature ID 0400145

Troy is a city in Latah County, Idaho, United States. Located in the eastern part of the Palouse region, its population was 862 at the 2010 census.


Troy is located at 46°44′19″N 116°46′15″W / 46.73861°N 116.77083°W / 46.73861; -116.77083 (46.738571, -116.770785)., east of Moscow on State Highway 8, at an elevation of 2,487 feet (758 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.79 square miles (2.05 km2), all of it land.


The community was originally known as Huffs Gulch when J. Wesley Seat homesteaded in the area in 1885. In 1890, area businessman John P. Vollmer rechristened the area with his own surname when he brought the railroad through. Vollmer gained much of his 30,000 acres of land by foreclosing on the bank loans of local farmers. This made him so unpopular that in 1897 the residents decided to rename the town. Local legend states that the name Troy was selected when a Greek railroad worker offered free shots of whiskey to any who would support the name.



Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 283
1910 543 91.9%
1920 591 8.8%
1930 619 4.7%
1940 580 −6.3%
1950 531 −8.4%
1960 555 4.5%
1970 541 −2.5%
1980 820 51.6%
1990 699 −14.8%
2000 798 14.2%
2010 862 8.0%
2019 (est.) 895 3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census estimates

As of the census estimates of 2020, Troy had a population of 895 people (53 of which are recognized military veterans)(an observed 12.2% increase since 2000) and 321 housing units in the city's boundaries. 85.8% of residents are expected to have a broadband Internet subscription, 98.8% of current residents are estimated to have completed education at the high-school level or higher, and just 2.4% of the population are predicted to be living without health insurance. The median resident age is 34.6 years, slightly lower than the statewide median age of 36.9 years.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 862 people, 324 households, and 242 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,091.1 inhabitants per square mile (421.3/km2). There were 355 housing units at an average density of 449.4 per square mile (173.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 324 households, of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.3% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 29% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

Tamarack Ski Area

The defunct Tamarack Ski Area was 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Troy on East Moscow Mountain, near the top of Tamarack Road. Founded in 1966, the ski hill operated intermittently due to varying conditions, and seldom after 1980. The primary lift, a T-bar, was removed in 1992 and its A-frame lodge was later razed.


Public education is provided by the Troy School District (#287); the current high school is combined with the junior high and opened in 2003; the previous building dated back to 1906. The Trojans compete in athletics in the White Pine League in IHSAA Class 1A (Div I).


For bicyclists and pedestrians, the Latah Trail is a paved rail trail near Highway 8 that connects Troy to Moscow and Pullman, Washington. It meets the Paradise Path in Moscow, which continues west as the Bill Chipman Palouse Trail to Pullman alongside Highway 270; the total length of the three trails from Troy to Pullman is 22 miles (35 km). Access to the trail in Troy is permitted at the west corner of Troy City Park.

Notable people

John H. Hays – Medal of Honor recipient and town marshal killed in action in 1904.

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