kids encyclopedia robot

Vesoul facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Town Hall
Town Hall
Coat of arms of Vesoul
Coat of arms
Vesoul is located in France
Location in France
Vesoul is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Location in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Haute-Saône
Arrondissement Vesoul
Canton Vesoul-Est and Vesoul-Ouest
Intercommunality Vesoul
9.07 km2 (3.50 sq mi)
 • Density 1,724.0/km2 (4,465.2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
70550 /70000
Elevation 213–375 m (699–1,230 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Vesoul is a commune. It is the prefecture of the Haute-Saône department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.


The Haute-Saône is a rural department and is based around five towns: Vesoul (the prefecture), Gray, Héricourt, Lure and Luxeuil-les-Bains. The Durgeon and Colombine rivers flow through the commune.


Vesoul is first mentioned in a document dated 899. That document speaks about an elevation with a fortified watchtower. The document speaks about "Castrum Vesulium". Castrum is a fortification, and "Vesulium" has the syllable ves which meant hill or mountain in a language that was spoken before the Celts. Today, there is a castle that forms the centre of the city. The first houses were built inside the walls of the castle. Newcomers who found no place settled outside the city walls, on the flanks of the hill. Growing wine was popular. In 1814, after the fall of the empire, a buffer state was created, with Vesoul as capital. The principality was that of Free County, of the Vosges and of Porrentruy.

Today, one of the main factories of PSA Peugeot Citroën is near Vesoul.


Monuments and tourist attractions

  • Vieux Vesoul (English:Old Vesoul) (buildings from the 15th, 16th and 18th centuries and Garret Museum)
  • Site of Vesoul's Motte
  • Site of the Sabot de Frotey
  • Vesoul-Vaivre lake
  • Vesoul-Vaivre Vélo-rail
  • Saint Georges church (18th century)
  • Convent of the Ursulines (17th century)


The first public library of Vesoul opened in 1771. The abbé (abbot) Bardenet, superior of the Saint-Esprit hospital in Besançon, gave his book collection to the town. There were 1772 books. The collections became a lot larger with the Revolution. At that time, the revolutionaries (people who led the French Revolution) took the books from the monasteries of the town (capucins) and even of the region (Luxeuil and Faverney monasteries). Around 20,000 books were added to the library this way, including some 11th century manuscripts. The Mayor's office was responsible for keeping the books.

In 1981, the municipality decided to build a new building to encourage the public to read. The library recently got computers. There are around 200 manuscripts and 150 incunables.

Twin towns

Vesoul is only twinned with one town:


Change in population
(Source : INSEE, Ehess)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906 1911
5303 5417 5708 5391 5408 5887 6788 5941 6621 7281 7579 7614 7716 9206 9553 9733 9770 10083 9704 10163 10539
Change in population
1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007
10471 10859 11562 11926 11825 12038 13678 16352 18173 18412 17614 17168 16370 16329

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Vesoul para niños

kids search engine
Vesoul Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.