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Webb City, Missouri
City of Webb City
Nickname(s): 
City of Flags
Location of Webb City, Missouri
Location of Webb City, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Jasper
Area
 • Total 8.64 sq mi (22.38 km2)
 • Land 8.64 sq mi (22.38 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,001 ft (305 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 13,031
 • Estimate 
(2019)
12,134
 • Density 1,404.07/sq mi (542.14/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64870
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-78118
GNIS feature ID 0728459

Webb City is a city in Jasper County, Missouri, United States. The population was 13,031 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Joplin, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. Webb City also has a police department, a fire department, and animal control services.

Elijah Thomas Webb House
The Elijah Thomas Webb Residence built circa 1891, is a Late Victorian Queen Anne home that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places located in Webb City Mo. on Old Route 66. The home was constructed by the son of founding father John C. Webb.

History

Webb City, (Webbville), was platted by John C. Webb in September, 1875 and incorporated in December, 1876, with a population of 700. The city was located on a portion of Webb's 200 acre farm, which he entered in February, 1857. There, in 1873, Webb discovered lead while plowing. With the assistance of W.A. Daugherty, he sank the first pump-shaft in 1874. Webb then leased his land to Daugherty and G.P. Ashcraft. In 1876 the Center Creek Mining Company leased the land and began operations. Some 20 years later 700 mines were located within the limits of Webb City and adjacent Carterville and the district ranked first in the production of zinc ore (black jack).

Webb aided the city in its material development. He gave land for a school and the first Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He built the Webb City Bank and the first hotel.

The St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad was built to Webb City in 1879, the Missouri Pacific in 1881. The population increased from 1,588 in 1880 to 9,201 in 1900. After the success of the first Webb City sheet ground mine ("Yellow Dog") in the 1890s, business boomed. The 100 room Newland Hotel was built and co-educational Webb City College was established. The Webb City Mining District was prominently represented at the Chicago Columbia Exposition in 1893, and at the 1898 Omaha International Exhibit. Webb City received for its mineral display the only silver medal awarded. A.H. Rogers built a mule street car line from Webb City to Carterville, 1889, predecessor of the SouthWest Missouri Electric Railway, established 1893, and expanded in the 1900s to a vast inter-urban system with power plant, car barns and an employee club house at Webb City.

During World War I zinc and lead concentrates produced in the Webb City ~ Carterville ~ Prosperity District were valued at more than $18 million. Webb City's population increased to some 15,000.

After the decline of mining in the postwar period, Webb City turned to diversified industrial and agricultural production. In the 1930s and during World War II, explosives were manufactured by powder plants located near Webb City.

The Downtown Webb City Historic District and Middle West Hotel are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Webb City is located at 37°8′40″N 94°28′9″W / 37.14444°N 94.46917°W / 37.14444; -94.46917 (37.144458, -94.469249).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.63 square miles (22.35 km2), all of it land.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries Webb City was part of the "Tri-State Mining District" at the time the world's largest and most productive lead and zinc mining field. The area remains surrounded by chat piles that are used primarily in road-building.[1]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,588
1890 5,043 217.6%
1900 9,201 82.5%
1910 11,817 28.4%
1920 7,807 −33.9%
1930 6,876 −11.9%
1940 7,033 2.3%
1950 6,919 −1.6%
1960 6,740 −2.6%
1970 6,923 2.7%
1980 7,309 5.6%
1990 7,449 1.9%
2000 9,811 31.7%
2010 10,996 12.1%
Est. 2019 12,134 10.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,996 people, 4,230 households, and 2,840 families living in the city. The population density was 1,274.2 inhabitants per square mile (492.0/km2). There were 4,730 housing units at an average density of 548.1 per square mile (211.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 1.6% African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.

There were 4,230 households, of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 28.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.5% were from 25 to 44; 21.7% were from 45 to 64, and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

Gallery

Education

Public education in Webb City is administered by Webb City R-VII School District.

Webb City has a lending library, the Webb City Public Library.

Notable people

  • W. Alton Jones — industrialist, philanthropist, President of CITGO (1940–1953)
  • Gordon Arthur Riley — Biological oceanographer (1911–1985)
  • Grant Wistrom — Defensive end for the St. Louis Rams (1998–2003) and the Seattle Seahawks (2004–2006)
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