West Tisbury, Massachusetts facts for kids

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West Tisbury, Massachusetts
Town
Front of Alley's General Store
Front of Alley's General Store
Official seal of West Tisbury, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Dukes County in Massachusetts
Location in Dukes County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Dukes
Settled 1669
Incorporated 1892
Area
 • Total 41.8 sq mi (108.2 km2)
 • Land 25.0 sq mi (64.8 km2)
 • Water 16.7 sq mi (43.3 km2)
Elevation 37 ft (11 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,740
 • Density 110/sq mi (42.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02575
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-78235
GNIS feature ID 0618291
Website www.westtisbury-ma.gov

West Tisbury is a town located on Martha's Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,740 at the 2010 census. Along with Chilmark and Aquinnah, West Tisbury forms "Up-Island" Martha's Vineyard.

History

West Tisbury was first settled by English settlers in 1669 as part of the town of Tisbury. The town was officially incorporated in 1892, the last town on Martha's Vineyard to be incorporated. Despite its separation from Tisbury, the original settlement of the town is still located in West Tisbury. Historically, it has been the agricultural heartland of the island. Up through the 1980s West Tisbury was one of the quickest growing communities on the island.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.8 square miles (108.2 km2), of which 25.0 square miles (64.8 km2) is land and 16.7 square miles (43.3 km2), or 40.06%, is water. West Tisbury ranks 123rd out of 351 communities in the Commonwealth in terms of land area, and is the second largest town (behind Edgartown) on the Vineyard. West Tisbury is bordered by Vineyard Sound to the northwest, Tisbury to the northeast, Edgartown to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Chilmark to the west, and includes the regions known as Lambert's Cove and Makonikey. The town also shares a common corner with Oak Bluffs, where the two towns meet with Tisbury and Edgartown.

West Tisbury is mostly rural, with more forestation to the north and east and most of the town's agrarian areas around the brooks that feed into Tisbury Great Pond and its surrounding ponds. The Sound side of town also has several ponds; none are nearly the size of the Atlantic side ones. There are several refuges and reservations around town, the largest being the Long Point Wildlife Refuge just east of Tisbury Great Pond. The town is also home to approximately half of the Manuel F. Correllus State Forest, which dominates the center of the island.

Just south of the forest lies Martha's Vineyard Airport, which the town shares with Edgartown (although the facilities are mostly in West Tisbury). The airport provides regional service to airports on the mainland and at Nantucket.

Demographics

See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1900 442 —    
1910 437 −1.1%
1920 345 −21.1%
1930 270 −21.7%
1940 260 −3.7%
1950 347 +33.5%
1960 360 +3.7%
1970 453 +25.8%
1980 1,010 +123.0%
1990 1,704 +68.7%
2000 2,467 +44.8%
2010 2,740 +11.1%
* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,467 people, 1,034 households, and 668 families residing in the town. The population density was 98.6 people per square mile (38.1/km²). There were 1,849 housing units at an average density of 73.9 per square mile (28.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.23% White, 0.69% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 1,034 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,077, and the median income for a family was $59,514. Males had a median income of $42,813 versus $29,907 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,021. About 1.6% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.

West Tisbury ranks 281st in terms of population, and 282nd in terms of population density in the state. It has the fourth-largest population and population density on the island, and the smallest of the populations in the thousands. (Aquinnah and Chilmark's populations number in the hundreds, and Gosnold, at 86, is the smallest community in the Commonwealth.)

Points of interest

  • Polly Hill Arboretum
  • Waskosim's Rock
  • Split Rock
  • Old Mill
  • The Mill Pond

West Tisbury, Massachusetts Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.