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White County, Georgia facts for kids

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White County
White County Courthouse in Cleveland
White County Courthouse in Cleveland
Official seal of White County
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting White County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded 1857; 165 years ago (1857)
Named for David T. White
Seat Cleveland
Largest city Cleveland
Area
 • Total 242 sq mi (630 km2)
 • Land 241 sq mi (620 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2)  0.6%%
 • Density 113/sq mi (44/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 9th

White County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 28,. The county seat is Cleveland. The county was created on December 22, 1857, formally a part of Habersham County and most likely was named for Newton County Representative David T. White, who helped a Habersham representative successfully attain passage of an act creating the new county.

Geography

Unicoi State Park lake, October 2014 1
Unicoi State Park

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 242 square miles (630 km2), of which 241 square miles (620 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.6%) is water.

The highest point in White County is 4,430-foot (1,350 m) Tray Mountain, shared with Towns County to the north. Tray is the 6th-highest mountain peak in Georgia. Another very prominent White County peak is Yonah Mountain, also known as Mount Yonah. This 3,143-foot (958 m) peak, located between Helen and Cleveland, is rimmed by sheer cliffs and is the highest point on Georgia's Piedmont Plateau.

All of White County is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

Major highways

  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 75.svg State Route 75
  • Georgia 75 Alternate.svg State Route 75 Alternate
  • Georgia 115.svg State Route 115
  • Georgia 254.svg State Route 254
  • Georgia 255.svg State Route 255
  • Georgia 284.svg State Route 284
  • Georgia 348.svg State Route 348
  • Georgia 356.svg State Route 356
  • Georgia 384.svg State Route 384

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

  • Chattahoochee National Forest (part)
  • Unicoi State Park

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,315
1870 4,606 38.9%
1880 5,341 16.0%
1890 6,151 15.2%
1900 5,912 −3.9%
1910 5,110 −13.6%
1920 6,105 19.5%
1930 6,056 −0.8%
1940 6,417 6.0%
1950 5,951 −7.3%
1960 6,935 16.5%
1970 7,742 11.6%
1980 10,120 30.7%
1990 13,006 28.5%
2000 19,944 53.3%
2010 27,144 36.1%
2020 28,003 3.2%
2025 (est.) 29,970 10.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,144 people, 10,646 households, and 7,750 families living in the county. The population density was 112.8 inhabitants per square mile (43.6/km2). There were 16,062 housing units at an average density of 66.7 per square mile (25.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.1% white, 1.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.0% were English, 14.9% were American, 14.5% were Irish, and 10.8% were German.

Of the 10,646 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, and 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 42.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,756 and the median income for a family was $50,981. Males had a median income of $40,265 versus $31,061 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,680. About 16.9% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

White County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 24,959 89.13%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 467 1.67%
Native American 105 0.37%
Asian 159 0.57%
Other/Mixed 1,400 5.0%
Hispanic or Latino 913 3.26%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 28,003 people, 11,695 households, and 8,581 families residing in the county. However, the county is challenging the accuracy of the count.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 75.svg State Route 75
  • Georgia 75 Alternate.svg State Route 75 Alternate
  • Georgia 115.svg State Route 115
  • Georgia 254.svg State Route 254
  • Georgia 255.svg State Route 255
  • Georgia 284.svg State Route 284
  • Georgia 348.svg State Route 348
  • Georgia 356.svg State Route 356
  • Georgia 384.svg State Route 384

Pedestrians and cycling

  • River Bridge Trail
  • River Hiking Trail
  • Unicoi State Park Trail
  • Yonah Preserve Trail
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