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Hall County, Georgia facts for kids

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Hall County
Hall County courthouse in Gainesville
Hall County courthouse in Gainesville
Map of Georgia highlighting Hall County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded December 15, 1818; 203 years ago (1818-12-15)
Named for Lyman Hall
Seat Gainesville
Largest city Gainesville
Area
 • Total 429 sq mi (1,110 km2)
 • Land 393 sq mi (1,020 km2)
 • Water 37 sq mi (100 km2)  8.5%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
204,441
 • Density 457/sq mi (176/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 9th

Hall County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 179,684. The county seat is Gainesville. The entirety of Hall County comprises the Gainesville, Georgia, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, Combined Statistical Area.

History

Hall County was created on December 15, 1818, from Cherokee lands ceded by the Treaty of Cherokee Agency (1817) and Treaty of Washington (1819).

The county is named for Dr. Lyman Hall, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and governor of Georgia as both colony and state.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 429 square miles (1,110 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (8.5%) is water.

Slightly more than half of Hall County, the eastern portion of the county, is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin, while the western half of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

The Chattahoochee River gathers strength in Hall County, as immortalized in Sidney Lanier's poem, "Song of the Chattahoochee":

OUT of the hills of Habersham,
Down the valleys of Hall,
I hurry amain to reach the plain,
Run the rapid and leap the fall,
Split at the rock and together again,

Major highways

  • I-985.svg Interstate 985
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 11 Business.svg State Route 11 Business
  • Georgia 13.svg State Route 13
  • Georgia 51.svg State Route 51
  • Georgia 52.svg State Route 52
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 53 Connector.svg State Route 53 Connector
  • Georgia 60.svg State Route 60
  • Georgia 82.svg State Route 82
  • Georgia 115.svg State Route 115
  • Georgia 136.svg State Route 136
  • Georgia 211.svg State Route 211
  • Georgia 254.svg State Route 254
  • Georgia 283.svg State Route 283
  • Georgia 284.svg State Route 284
  • Georgia 323.svg State Route 323
  • Georgia 332.svg State Route 332
  • Georgia 347.svg State Route 347
  • Georgia 365.svg State Route 365
  • Georgia 369.svg State Route 369
  • Georgia 419.svg State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)

Adjacent counties

Attractions

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 5,086
1830 11,748 131.0%
1840 7,875 −33.0%
1850 8,713 10.6%
1860 9,366 7.5%
1870 9,607 2.6%
1880 15,298 59.2%
1890 18,047 18.0%
1900 20,752 15.0%
1910 25,730 24.0%
1920 26,822 4.2%
1930 30,313 13.0%
1940 34,822 14.9%
1950 40,113 15.2%
1960 49,739 24.0%
1970 59,405 19.4%
1980 75,649 27.3%
1990 95,428 26.1%
2000 139,277 45.9%
2010 179,684 29.0%
2019 (est.) 204,441 13.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2019

Hall County remains extremely rural and many of its residents reside in unincorporated areas, accounting for more than half of the county's population.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 179,684 people, 60,691 households, and 45,275 families residing in the county. The population density was 457.5 inhabitants per square mile (176.6/km2). There were 68,825 housing units at an average density of 175.2 per square mile (67.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.1% white, 7.4% black or African American, 1.8% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 13.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 26.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 16.8% were American, 10.6% were Irish, 9.3% were English, and 8.9% were German.

Of the 60,691 households, 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families, and 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.35. The median age was 34.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,876 and the median income for a family was $57,774. Males had a median income of $38,671 versus $31,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,675. About 11.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Education

Colleges and universities

  • Brenau University
  • Lanier Technical College
  • University of North Georgia, Gainesville Campus (formerly Gainesville State College)

High schools

  • Cherokee Bluff High School
  • Chestatee High School
  • East Hall High School
  • Flowery Branch High School
  • Gainesville High School
  • Johnson High School
  • North Hall High School
  • Riverside Military Academy
  • West Hall High School
  • Lakeview Academy

Middle schools

  • Academies of Discovery at South Hall
  • Alternative Learning Center/International Center
  • C. W. Davis Middle School
  • Cherokee Bluff Middle School
  • Chestatee Middle School
  • East Hall Middle School
  • Gainesville Middle School
  • Lanier Career Academy
  • North Hall Middle School
  • West Hall Middle School

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-985.svg Interstate 985
  • US 23.svg U.S. Route 23
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 11 Business.svg State Route 11 Business
  • Georgia 13.svg State Route 13
  • Georgia 51.svg State Route 51
  • Georgia 52.svg State Route 52
  • Georgia 53.svg State Route 53
  • Georgia 53 Connector.svg State Route 53 Connector
  • Georgia 60.svg State Route 60
  • Georgia 82.svg State Route 82
  • Georgia 115.svg State Route 115
  • Georgia 136.svg State Route 136
  • Georgia 211.svg State Route 211
  • Georgia 254.svg State Route 254
  • Georgia 283.svg State Route 283
  • Georgia 284.svg State Route 284
  • Georgia 323.svg State Route 323
  • Georgia 332.svg State Route 332
  • Georgia 347.svg State Route 347
  • Georgia 365.svg State Route 365
  • Georgia 369.svg State Route 369
  • Georgia 419.svg State Route 419 (unsigned designation for I-985)

Mass transit

  • The Gainesville AMTRAK station is situated at 116 Industrial Boulevard. Amtrak's Crescent train connects Gainesville with the cities of New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Greensboro, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans.
  • Gainesville has a bus transit system, the Gainesville Connection, with 130 stops along three routes through Gainesville. The Hall Area Transit Transportation System began operations in January 2001 with three buses and four mini-buses.

Pedestrians and cycling

  • Chicopee Woods Bike Trail
  • Wilshire Trail
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