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Lumpkin County, Georgia facts for kids

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Lumpkin County
Lumpkin County Courthouse in Dahlonega
Lumpkin County Courthouse in Dahlonega
Map of Georgia highlighting Lumpkin County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Georgia
Founded December 3, 1832; 191 years ago (1832-12-03)
Named for Wilson Lumpkin
Seat Dahlonega
Largest city Dahlonega
 • Total 284 sq mi (740 km2)
 • Land 283 sq mi (730 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2)  0.4%%
 • Total 33,488
 • Density 106/sq mi (41/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 9th

Lumpkin County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 33,488. Its county seat is Dahlonega.


Lumpkin County was created on December 3, 1832. The county was named for former governor of Georgia, Wilson Lumpkin. Lumpkin's daughter, Martha Wilson Lumpkin Compton, was the source for the town named Marthasville, the early-1840s predecessor of Atlanta.

Gold was discovered in the county near Auraria in the 1830s, and the U.S. government had a mint in Dahlonega for over twenty years, as a result, until the Civil War. Gold from the county was later used on the dome of the current state capitol building.

Agriculture and agritourism are top business industries. Since the mid-1990s, Lumpkin County has been recognized as "The Heart of Georgia Wine Country." The county features multiple [vineyards]] and five licensed wineries that attract many tourists. In 2015, Senator Steve Gooch introduced Georgia Senate Resolution 125 officially recognizing Lumpkin County as the Wine Tasting Room Capital of Georgia.

The historic Dahlonega Square is also a popular destination, with gift shops, restaurants, art galleries and artists' studios and additional tasting rooms.

Lumpkin county is the home of the U.S. Army's Camp Frank D. Merrill, the home of the 5th Ranger Training Battalion of the U.S. Army Ranger School's mountain Phase. Camp Frank D. Merrill is located in the Northern end of the County, within the Blue Ridge Wildlife Management Area of the Chattahoochee National Forest.

There are three Veterans Organizations located in Lumpkin County, to serve the Veterans and Community. The first is the Heyward Fields American Legion Post 239, the US Army Mountain Ranger Association, and the Lumpkin and White County Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 5533. Lumpkin County also has an agency to help veterans, that agency is named the Lumpkin County Veterans Affairs Advisory Committee, which is in charge of the Lumpkin County Veterans Memorial and the twice yearly Veterans memorial Crosses, which line both sides of the major roads in Dahlonega, from mid-May through the Fourth of July and again for the Month of November. The Crosses are adorned with the names of the county's veterans who have died, some in combat (marked with KIA), and those who returned home and later died.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles (740 km2), of which 283 square miles (730 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.4%) is water. The summit of Blood Mountain, which Lumpkin shares with Union County to the north, is the highest point in the county. At 4458 feet, Blood Mountain is the 5th-highest peak in Georgia and the highest point on Georgia's portion of the Appalachian Trail. The western forty percent of Lumpkin County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin), while the eastern sixty percent of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).

Major highways

  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19
  • Business plate.svg
    US 19.svg U.S. Route 19 Business
  • US 129.svg U.S. Route 129
  • Georgia 9.svg State Route 9
  • Georgia 11.svg State Route 11
  • Georgia 52.svg State Route 52
  • Georgia 60.svg State Route 60
  • Georgia 60 Business.svg State Route 60 Business
  • Georgia 115.svg State Route 115
  • Georgia 400.svg State Route 400

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Chattahoochee National Forest (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,671
1850 8,955 57.9%
1860 4,626 −48.3%
1870 5,161 11.6%
1880 6,526 26.4%
1890 6,867 5.2%
1900 7,433 8.2%
1910 5,444 −26.8%
1920 5,240 −3.7%
1930 4,927 −6.0%
1940 6,223 26.3%
1950 6,574 5.6%
1960 7,241 10.1%
1970 8,728 20.5%
1980 10,762 23.3%
1990 14,573 35.4%
2000 21,016 44.2%
2010 29,966 42.6%
2020 33,488 11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,966 people, 10,989 households, and 7,645 families living in the county. The population density was 105.9 inhabitants per square mile (40.9/km2). There were 12,925 housing units at an average density of 45.7 per square mile (17.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.4% white, 1.1% black or African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were American, 17.5% were Irish, 15.6% were English, 14.4% were German, and 5.0% were Scotch-Irish.

Of the 10,989 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.4% were non-families, and 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 36.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,394 and the median income for a family was $50,318. Males had a median income of $38,043 versus $30,755 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,088. About 9.2% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Lumpkin County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 29,241 87.32%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 412 1.23%
Native American 151 0.45%
Asian 257 0.77%
Pacific Islander 21 0.06%
Other/Mixed 1,616 4.83%
Hispanic or Latino 1,790 5.35%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 33,488 people, 11,570 households, and 7,800 families residing in the county.



Lumpkin County School System manages and operates the public schools. There is one high school (Lumpkin County High School), one middle school (Lumpkin County Middle School), and three elementary schools (Lumpkin County Elementary School, Long Branch Elementary School, and Blackburn Elementary School). The University of North Georgia has its campus in Lumpkin County.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Lumpkin para niños

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