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Windsor, Massachusetts
Entering Windsor
Entering Windsor
Official seal of Windsor, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Berkshire
Settled 1767
Incorporated 1771
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 35.2 sq mi (91.1 km2)
 • Land 35.0 sq mi (90.6 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation
2,031 ft (619 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 831
 • Density 23.625/sq mi (9.122/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01270
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-80685
GNIS feature ID 0619431
Website windsormass.com

Windsor is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 831 according to the 2020 census.

History

Windsor was first settled in 1767 and was officially incorporated in 1771. The town was named for Windsor, Connecticut, where many of the settlers emigrated from. Originally, the town was named "Gageborough" in honor of British General Thomas Gage, but was changed due to the general's Revolutionary War affiliation.

Geography

Eugene Moran WMA, Windsor MA
Eugene Moran Wildlife Management Area

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.2 square miles (91.1 km2), of which 35.0 square miles (90.6 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.49%, is water. Windsor is mostly rectangular-shaped, and lies along the eastern border of Berkshire County with Hampshire County. It is bordered by Savoy to the north, Plainfield to the northeast and east, Cummington to the southeast, Peru and Hinsdale to the south, Dalton to the southwest, and Cheshire to the northwest. Windsor is 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Pittsfield, 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Springfield, and 120 miles (190 km) west-northwest of Boston.

Windsor is located on a plateau in the Berkshire Hills, and lies near the source of the Westfield River. The river runs southward through the northeast part of town, flowing through Windsor State Forest. One of the river's feeder brooks flows through the Windsor Jambs, a series of rocky waterfalls. The town is dotted with wildlife management areas, including all of Eugene Moran Wildlife Management Area, as well as portions of the Chalet, Peru and Savoy Wildlife Management Areas.

Windsor is located at the junction of Massachusetts Route 9 and Route 8A, with the two running concurrently west from the junction. Near the northeast corner of town, Route 8A grazes the border (at which point it is combined with Route 116), with a small neighborhood lying around Windsor Pond.

The town has no bus or rail service, with the nearest access to both being in Pittsfield. The Pittsfield Municipal Airport is the nearest regional airport, and the town is located roughly equidistantly between Albany International Airport and Bradley International Airport, the two nearest airports with national service.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 897 —    
1860 839 −6.5%
1870 686 −18.2%
1880 644 −6.1%
1890 612 −5.0%
1900 507 −17.2%
1910 404 −20.3%
1920 403 −0.2%
1930 387 −4.0%
1940 314 −18.9%
1950 372 +18.5%
1960 384 +3.2%
1970 468 +21.9%
1980 598 +27.8%
1990 770 +28.8%
2000 875 +13.6%
2010 899 +2.7%
2020 834 −7.2%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
Windsor Congregational Church
Windsor Congregational Church

As of the census of 2000, there were 875 people, 328 households, and 248 families residing in the town. By population, Windsor ranks 22nd out of the 32 cities and town in Berkshire County, and 329th out of 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 25.0 people per square mile (9.7/km2), and ranks 25th in the county and 334th in the commonwealth. There were 474 housing units at an average density of 13.5 per square mile (5.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.86% White, 0.34% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.11% of the population.

There were 328 households, out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.6% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $51,389, and the median income for a family was $57,500. Males had a median income of $41,053 versus $24,808 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,794. About 4.3% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

  • Notchview, a 3,100-acre (13 km2) reservation managed by the Trustees of Reservations, open to cross country skiers along with other forms of outdoor recreation

Education

Windsor is a member town of the Central Berkshire Regional School District. Elementary school students attend Craneville Elementary School in Dalton. (The Berkshire Trail Elementary School in Cummington, which served both towns for more than 20 years, stopped operating as a public school with the close of the academic year during June 2015.) All students in the district attend the Nessacus Regional Middle School for the middle grades, and Wahconah Regional High School for the upper grades. Both schools are located in Dalton. The nearest parochial school is in Dalton, and the nearest private schools are in Pittsfield.

The nearest community college is Berkshire Community College in Pittsfield. The nearest state college is Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts in North Adams, and the nearest state university is the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Notable people

  • Daniel Sabin Butrick, minister and author
  • Stephen Philbrick, minister, author, and poet
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