kids encyclopedia robot

Wolfe County, Kentucky facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Wolfe County
Wolfe County courthouse in Campton
Wolfe County courthouse in Campton
Map of Kentucky highlighting Wolfe County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Kentucky
Founded 1860
Named for The Wolfe family out of Western North Carolina
Seat Campton
Largest city Campton
 • Total 223 sq mi (580 km2)
 • Land 222 sq mi (570 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.3%
 • Total 6,562 Decrease
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Wolfe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,355. Its county seat is Campton. The county is named for Nathaniel Wolfe.


Wolfe County was formed on March 5, 1860 from portions of Breathitt County, Morgan County, Owsley County and Powell County. It was named for Nathaniel Wolfe, a member of the legislative assembly.

Campton, the county's seat was reportedly formed from camp town in Wolfe County. A small creek winding through Campton, Swift Creek, is named after Jonathan Swift of the legend of Swift's silver mine. Swift supposedly buried treasure in the area which has never been recovered.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 223 square miles (580 km2), of which 222 square miles (570 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

State protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,603
1880 5,638 56.5%
1890 7,180 27.4%
1900 8,764 22.1%
1910 9,864 12.6%
1920 8,783 −11.0%
1930 8,425 −4.1%
1940 9,997 18.7%
1950 7,615 −23.8%
1960 6,534 −14.2%
1970 5,669 −13.2%
1980 6,698 18.2%
1990 6,503 −2.9%
2000 7,065 8.6%
2010 7,355 4.1%
2020 6,562 −10.8%
2021 (est.) 6,507 −11.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2021

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,065 people, 2,816 households, and 1,976 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 per square mile (12/km2). There were 3,264 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (5.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.24% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,816 households, out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $19,310, and the median income for a family was $23,333. Males had a median income of $23,859 versus $18,952 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,321. About 29.90% of families and 35.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.20% of those under age 18 and 26.70% of those age 65 or over.


The annual Swift Silver Mine Festival is held on Labor Day weekend each year. It includes a parade and vendors in the downtown Campton area.



Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Notable people

  • Pete Center, who pitched for the Cleveland Indians in the 1940s.
  • Folk artist Edgar Tolson; Ralph Rinzler of the Smithsonian Institution was impressed by Tolson's figures, and included them in the 1971 Festival of American Folklife.
  • South Trimble, politician, born near Hazel Green
  • Tyler Booth, Country singer, grew up near the city Campton, Kentucky, population 424, on a farm where he begin playing guitar and writing songs from an early age. Booth signed a major record deal with Sony Music Nashville in early 2020. His voice and song writing talents were discovered while attending college at Morehead State University his freshman year.
kids search engine
Wolfe County, Kentucky Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.