Wyomissing, Pennsylvania facts for kids

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Wyomissing, Pennsylvania
Borough
Borough of Wyomissing
Atonement Lutheran Church in Wyomissing (June 2015).
Atonement Lutheran Church in Wyomissing (June 2015).
Location of Wyomissing in Berks County
Location of Wyomissing in Berks County
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Berks
Incorporated July 2, 1907
Area
 • Total 11.65 sq mi (30.2 km2)
 • Land 11.60 sq mi (30.0 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 338 ft (103 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,461
 • Density 897.9/sq mi (346.70/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 19610
Area code(s) 610 and 484
Website www.co.berks.pa.us/Muni/Wyomissing

Wyomissing is a borough in Berks County, Pennsylvania, United States, established on July 2, 1906. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,461, compared to 8,587 at the 2000 census. The population growth of the borough was largely due to its merger in January 2002 with neighboring Wyomissing Hills. Wyomissing is the most populous borough in Berks County. The borough is recognized as a Tree City USA and selected as a "Contender" for the best places to live in Pennsylvania by Money magazine.

Geography

Penn Ave 1147, Wyomissing PA
Penn Ave.

Wyomissing is located central Berks County at 40°19′58″N 75°57′53″W / 40.33278°N 75.96472°W / 40.33278; -75.96472 (40.332742, -75.964603). It is bordered by the city of Reading to the northeast and southeast, by West Reading directly to the east, by the borough of Shillington and Cumru Township to the south, by Spring Township to the west and northwest, and by Bern Township to the north. From south to north, the west side of Wyomissing is bordered by the unincorporated communities of Montrose Manor, Lincoln Park, West Wyomissing, West Lawn, Whitfield, and Colony Park. Directly to the north, in Bern Township, is the unincorporated community of Greenfields.

The northeast boundary of Wyomissing with Reading is formed by Tulpehocken Creek and a small portion of the Schuylkill River. Wyomissing Creek flows from southwest to northeast towards the Schuylkill through the southern part of the borough.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 4.50 square miles (11.65 km2), of which 4.48 square miles (11.60 km2) is land and 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.47%, is water.

History

1685 to 1906

The original inhabitants of Wyomissing were Lenape (Delaware) Native Americans, who lived along the banks of Wyomissing Creek. The name Wyomissing is from the Delaware language, meaning "the land of flats". Much of Berks County was transferred from the Native Americans to William Penn in 1685. Title to the land that much of Wyomissing is built upon was in two parcels, an eastern tract and a western tract, which were divided by a northwesterly line in the vicinity of Lake Avenue. One of the earliest industries in the area was the Evans Grist Mill. This building still stands at the corner of Old Mill Road and Old Wyomissing Road.

In 1896, present-day Wyomissing began to take form when Thomas P. Merritt (a Reading lumber dealer) acquired 600 acres (240 ha). Albert Thalheimer, David H. Keiser, Marthias Mengel, and Levi Walter Mengel joined Thomas R. Merrit in organizing the Reading Suburban Real Estate Company. Shortly afterwards Wyomissing Industries, manufacturer of textile machinery, was established by the firm of Thun & Janssen along the Reading Railroad just west of Van Reed Road (today named Park Road). This spurred development, and soon there were many developers working to build Wyomissing.

In 1904 and 1905, Thun and Janssen called town meetings to discuss setting up a borough government. Eventually petitions were filed with the courts for the establishment of a borough, signed by 61 resident property owners and 39 non-resident property owners.

On July 2, 1906, the court issued the final decree of the incorporation of the Borough of Wyomissing.

1907 to present

Between 1906 and the 1940s, several additional tracts of land were annexed to the borough from Spring and Cumru townships. However, 1949-1950 saw the largest annexation, With the addition of the area north of the railroad tracts known as Berkshire Heights. This drastically changed the borough map.

From that point forward, the borough changed from farmland to a large residential and commercial community. The last farmland worked in the borough was part of the Hartman Farm at the intersection of Woodland and Papermill roads. This land was sold into commercial development in the early 1990s. This includes the area now called "Woodmill Commons", where Toys R Us, Old Navy and other businesses now are located.

In 2002, Wyomissing merged with its smaller neighbor, Wyomissing Hills.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 985
1920 2,062 109.3%
1930 3,111 50.9%
1940 3,320 6.7%
1950 4,187 26.1%
1960 5,044 20.5%
1970 7,136 41.5%
1980 6,551 −8.2%
1990 7,332 11.9%
2000 8,587 17.1%
2010 10,461 21.8%
Est. 2015 10,469 0.1%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,587 people, 3,359 households, and 2,096 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,246.0 people per square mile (867.9/km²). There were 3,539 housing units at an average density of 925.7 per square mile (357.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.76% White, 1.50% African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.83% of the population.

There were 3,359 households, out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 18.2% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 17.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 28.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 83.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $54,681, and the median income for a family was $78,112. Males had a median income of $54,167 versus $34,815 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,313. About 1.4% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Public education

The borough is served by the Wyomissing Area School District, which includes Wyomissing Hills Elementary Center, serving grades K-4, West Reading Elementary Center, serving grades 5-6, and Wyomissing Area Jr. and Sr. High School, serving grades 7-12. The Berkshire Heights portion of the borough is served by the Wilson School District.

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