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Abd al-Rahman I facts for kids

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Abd al-Rahman I
Dirham abd al rahman i 21816.jpg
Dirham coin of Abd al-Rahman I
1st Emir of Córdoba
Reign 15 May 756 – 30 September 788
Predecessor Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Fihri (as governor of al-Andalus)
Successor Hisham I
Born 731
Palmyra, near Damascus, Umayyad Caliphate
Died 30 September 788 (aged 57)
Qurtuba, Al-Andalus, Emirate of Cordoba (present-day Spain)
Spouse Hulal
Issue Sulayman
Hisham I
Dynasty Umayyad
Father Mu'awiya ibn Hisham
Mother Ra'ha
Religion Islam

Abd al-Rahman I, more fully Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (731–788) was the founder of the Arab dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberia for nearly three centuries (including the succeeding Caliphate of Córdoba). Abd al-Rahman was a member of the Umayyad dynasty in Damascus, and his establishment of a government in Iberia represented a break with the Abbasids, who had overthrown the Umayyads in 750.

He was also known by the surnames al-Dakhil ("the Entrant"), Saqr Quraish ("the Falcon of Quraysh") and the "Falcon of Andalus". Variations of the spelling of his name include Abd ar-Rahman I, Abdul Rahman I, Abdar Rahman I, and Abderraman I.

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