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Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar
آقا محمد خان قاجار
Šāhanšāh-e Irān
Portrait of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, 1820.
Shahanshah of Iran
Reign 1789 – 17 June 1797
Coronation March 1796
Successor Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
Born 14 March 1742
Astarabad, Iran
Died 17 June 1797 (aged 55)
Shusha, Iran
Burial Imam Ali Mosque
Spouse Maryam Khanom
Issue None
Full name
Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar
Regnal name
Agha Mohammad Shah
Dynasty Qajar dynasty
Father Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar
Mother Jeeran Khanum
Religion Twelver Shia Islam
Tughra Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar آقا محمد خان  قاجار's signature

Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (Persian: آغا محمد خان قاجار; 14 March 1742 – 17 June 1797), also known by his regnal name of Agha Mohammad Shah (آقا محمد شاه, Āghā Mohammad Šāh), was the founder of the Qajar dynasty of Iran, ruling from 1789 to 1797 as king (shah). Originally chieftain of the Qoyunlu branch of the Qajar tribe, Agha Mohammad Khan was enthroned as the king of Iran in 1789, but was not officially crowned until March 1796, having deposed Lotf Ali Khan of the Zand dynasty in 1794. He was assassinated on 17 June 1797, and was succeeded by his nephew, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar.

Agha Mohammad Khan's reign is noted for the return of a centralized and unified Iran and for relocating the capital to Tehran, where it still stands today. He is also noted for his cruel and rapacious behavior, particularly during the re-subjugation of Georgia. He sacked the capital Tbilisi, massacred many of its inhabitants, and moved some 15,000 Georgian captives back to mainland Iran.

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