Alderbury facts for kids
|Alderbury shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||2,223 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The parish includes the village of Whaddon, which is adjacent to Alderbury, and the hamlet of Shute End. The Hampshire Avon]] forms the western boundary of the parish. The villages are on the Salisbury-Southampton road which became the A36 primary route; a bypass was opened in 1978, taking the A36 to the east of the villages.
A church at Alderbury was recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book. A new parish church of St Mary was erected on the same foundations in 1857-58 to designs by S.S. Teulon, with stained glass by Henry Holiday; Clayton and Bell; Heaton, Butler and Bayne; and William Morris. The church is Grade II listed.
There was a church or chapel at Whaddon in the 12th to 14th centuries, which fell into disuse sometime before 1536.
Ivychurch Priory, near Alderbury, was an Augustinian monastery established in the 12th century and dissolved in 1536.
A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was bult at Alderbury in 1825 and demolished in 1970. A Primitive Methodist chapel built at Whaddon in 1884 became a Roman Catholic chapel in 1990.
Alderbury House, near St Mary's church, is a Grade II* listed country house from the late 18th century.
At Shute End, St Marie's Grange was built in 1835 by architect Augustus Pugin for his own occupation. The house is Grade I listed.
Canal and railways
The Salisbury and Southampton Canal was built from Kimbridge (where it joined the Andover Canal) to Alderbury but was never completed as far as Salisbury; construction stopped at Tunnel Hill, near Alderbury House. The canal was opened in 1802 or 1803 and closed in 1806.
The Bishopstoke-Romsey-Salisbury section of the London and South Western Railway was built north of Alderbury and Whaddon, turning west into the Dean valley towards Dean station at West Dean. Opened in 1847, it continues in use as part of the Wessex Main Line between Bristol and Southampton. In 1866 the Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway was built from a junction with the earlier railway near Alderbury, skirting Whaddon and turning south towards Downton and the south coast. This line was closed in 1964 and the track was lifted.
Alderbury has a primary school, Alderbury & West Grimstead CofE (VA) Primary School, which opened in 1993 on a new site to replace a building which had been used as a school since 1838.
There are two pubs: the Green Dragon at Alderbury and the Three Crowns at Whaddon.
Alderbury Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.