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Alderbury facts for kids

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Alderbury and Whadden Village Sign - - 928879.jpg
Alderbury is located in Wiltshire
Population 2,223 (in 2011)
OS grid reference SU189271
Civil parish
  • Alderbury
Unitary authority
  • Wiltshire
Ceremonial county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP5
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
  • Salisbury
Website Parish Council
List of places
51°02′35″N 1°43′55″W / 51.043°N 1.732°W / 51.043; -1.732

Alderbury is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, situated 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Salisbury.

The parish includes the village of Whaddon, which is adjacent to Alderbury, and the hamlet of Shute End. The River Avon forms the western boundary of the parish. The villages are on the Salisbury-Southampton road which became the A36 primary route; a bypass was opened in 1978, taking the A36 to the east of the villages.

Religious sites

A church at Alderbury was recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book. A new parish church of St Mary was erected on the same foundations in 1857-58 to designs by S.S. Teulon, with stained glass by Henry Holiday; Clayton and Bell; Heaton, Butler and Bayne; and William Morris. The church is Grade II listed.

There was a church or chapel at Whaddon in the 12th to 14th centuries, which fell into disuse sometime before 1536.

Ivychurch Priory, near Alderbury, was an Augustinian monastery established in the 12th century and dissolved in 1536.

A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was bult at Alderbury in 1825 and demolished in 1970. A Primitive Methodist chapel built at Whaddon in 1884 became a Roman Catholic chapel in 1990.

Notable buildings

The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Alderbury - - 1015246
The Church of St Mary the Virgin

Alderbury House is a Grade II* listed country house from the late 18th century, near St Mary's church, on a rise above the Avon meadows. Described as one of Wiltshire's most elegant Georgian country houses when it was offered for sale in 2020 with 33 acres for around £5 million, it is now believed to have been designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, known for his work on The White House in Washington DC. The Historic England listing, added in 1960, stated that the architect was James Wyatt, but it was "misattributed" according to Michael Fazio in The Domestic Architecture of Benjamin Henry Latrobe.

A water trough in limestone under a tiled roof was erected in 1902 on the village green, to commemorate the coronation of Edward VII and in appreciation of the Earl of Radnor for providing a water supply to the village. The structure re-uses four double capitals from the remains of Ivychurch Priory.

At Shute End, just inside Clarendon parish, St Marie's Grange was built in 1835 by architect Augustus Pugin for his own occupation, but enlarged in 1841 after he had left. Pevsner describes the "romantic dream come true" in some detail. The house is Grade I listed.

Canal and railways

The Salisbury and Southampton Canal was built from Kimbridge (where it joined the Andover Canal) to Alderbury but was never completed as far as Salisbury; construction stopped at Tunnel Hill, near Alderbury House. The canal was opened in 1802 or 1803 and closed in 1806.

The Bishopstoke-Romsey-Salisbury section of the London and South Western Railway was built north of Alderbury and Whaddon, turning west into the Dean valley towards Dean station at West Dean. Opened in 1847, it continues in use as part of the Wessex Main Line between Bristol and Southampton. In 1866 the Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway was built from a junction with the earlier railway near Alderbury, skirting Whaddon and turning south towards Downton and the south coast. This line was closed in 1964 and the track was lifted.


Alderbury has a primary school, Alderbury & West Grimstead CofE (VA) Primary School, which opened in 1993 on a new site to replace a building which had been used as a school since 1838.

There are two pubs: the Green Dragon at Alderbury and the Three Crowns at Whaddon.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Alderbury para niños

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